WorldPolitics_Chapter03_mon_jan_30__1

WorldPolitics_Chapter03_mon_jan_30__1 - Chapter Three Why...

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Chapter Three Why Are There Wars? PLS 160 Mon. Jan 30, 2012
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Wars Are Costly… World War I claimed more than 15 million lives. Wars among states in the twentieth century led to 40 million deaths directly. By 2007, the US had spent $6.3 trillion fighting ten wars in its history. In 2007 military expenditure by all countries==1.3 trillion
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Still - Why Do States Go to War? Perhaps for territory (WWI Germany wanted to expand; 1980s Iraq wanted Iran’s southern oil fields), policies or ideology or power These explanations are incomplete (while still correct): conflict of interest over important issues We can identify the the object / issue that lead to war … STILL …Why was war the strategy that states used to resolve their dispute? E.G. War broke out in 1846 when the US offered to buy California, New Mexico and territory in Texas from Mexico (for 25 million USD). Both sides would have been better off if Mexico had accepted the initial offer (US lost 13000 troops and 100 million USD; Mexico got only 15 mill. USD and had Mexico city seized ).
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War is a relatively rare event
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War is the Exception, Not the Rule Percentage of states involved in war is low. To explain war one needs to ask BOTH : What are they fighting over?” Why are they fighting?”
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Core of the Analysis We will argue that war occurs when bargaining parties fail to reach an agreement. We will see that bargaining can fail when: There is incomplete information Commitment to terms of deal is questionable Disputed good is hard to divide
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Core of the Analysis Therefore, promoting peaceful conflict resolution requires efforts to: Increase costs of conflict Promote transparency and communication Bring in third parties to enforce commitments Find creative ways of sharing seemingly indivisible goods
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What Is War? War:
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2012 for the course PLS 140 taught by Professor Silver during the Spring '07 term at Michigan State University.

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WorldPolitics_Chapter03_mon_jan_30__1 - Chapter Three Why...

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