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gov review 24-25 - 1 legislative powers a state can pass...

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Unformatted text preview: 1. legislative powers- a state can pass any law not in conflict with any federal law or the state's constitution, can include power to tax, spend, borrow, establish courts, etc; also includes police powers (691) non-legislative powers- A. Executive powers- governor appointing officials; B. Judicial Powers- limited by impeachment; C. Constituent Power- making and amending of a constitution. (692) 2. Grand Jury- mets in secret, listens to the prosecutor then presents indicments, only criminal cases Petit Jury- trial jury, actually hears the case and gives a verdict, can be criminal or civil cases. 3. Criminal law- case brought by the state accusing a person of a crime Civil law- dispute between two private parties 4. Governors succession- in most states lieutenant gov takes over, in ME, NH, NJ, WV president of the senate succeds, in AZ, OR, and WY sec of state takes over. 5. Qualifications for governor- AGE, citizenship, and residency 6. Qualifications for legislation- vary state to state, informal qualifications are very important. (690) 7. Branches of law- Constitutional- highest laws, decreed in the constitution; Statuatory- laws enacted by legislative bodies; Common law- generally accepted values of right and wrong; Admin law- rules, orders, and regulations. 8. Many were originally based off of charters and have been amended as needed 9. Judges are either appointed by the governor, elected by popular election, or appointed by legislature. 10. Reasons for reform of constitutions- out of date, cluttered by unnecessary details, obsolete sections, and burdensome restrictions, many repititons and even contradictions. LENGTH AND AGE 11. Skeet 12. a proposal is made by either constitutional convention, legislature or the people, then is voted on by the people. 13. Called for jury duty, the inelligible are ruled out, candidates then may or may not be selected for a jury 14. Counties- rurally oriented, carry out state and county laws, provide roads, bridges, schools, collect taxes, urban counties may have public works and fire, police, and medical services. ...
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