chart for modes, methods and patterns

chart for modes, methods and patterns - or issues and the...

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MODES OF DISCOURSE Expository – to teach, to inform, to explain Narrative – to tell a story Persuasive – to convince the reader to adopt the writer’s point of view Descriptive – shows what something or someone looks like or feels like. Relies on sensory details (5 senses) METHODS OF DEVELOPMENT Facts and Statistics – a fact is a piece of objective information. It is verifiable. Statistics are data in the form of numbers. an example supports the main idea by pointing out a typical or concrete instance. An illustration is a longer, extended example. Process – steps in chronological order Directive – steps to perform a task Informative – describes the phenomenon (how something works how it developed, etc.) comparison shows similarities and contrast shows differences. – finding reasons to explain problems
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Unformatted text preview: or issues and the consequences that result. Classification divide into groups and explain each group. Definition the meaning of a term Analogy imaginative comparison between 2 unlike topics - an extended metaphor. PATTERNS OF ORGANIZATION Chronological the order in which events happen. This is used to tell a story, to relate to an incident, to recount an historical event, or to describe the steps in a process Spatial the arrangement of objects in an environment. It is used in descriptive writing. It allows the reader to visualize the scene Deductive the paragraph begins with the main idea and then reinforced by specific supporting sentences. (general to specific) Inductive a series of specific observations or supporting statements lead to a main idea (the opposite of deductive)...
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