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PUBLIC SPEAKING: GENERALGUIDELINES QuickStudy® PARTS OF A SPEECH • A speech has three main parts: 1. Introduction : Gains audience attention, orients the listeners to your topic and prepares | them for your speech 2. Body : Contains at least 75% of the information about which you will speak; it is divided into 3-1 5 main points; each main point is clearly stated and supported by subordinate points containing] your research and supporting material 3. Conclusion : Reviews your main points and I provides closure by ending with a strong final] statement • The delivery of a speech is effective when the I speaker knows the material well, maintains eye I contact with the audience, uses a variety of vocal changes and appears to move naturally TYPES OF SPEECHES • An informative speech , oral report, lecture or workshop: Designed to explain, instruct, define, clarify, demonstrate or teach Persuasive speeches, debates, sales presentations, and sermons : Influence, convince, motivate, sell products, preach or stimulate action • The evocative speech : Entertains, inspires or helps listeners to celebrate, bond or commemorate Impromptu speech : 1. You are asked to speak on the spur of the moment with little or no preparation time 2. You can successfully do this by thinking of I two to three main points on your way up to f the front of the room • The storytelling speech : Enhances one's cultural I identity by building common understanding of tradition, morals, values, goals and desires THE BASIC SPEECH OUTLINE I. Introduction A. Attention Getter В Significance С Credibility D. Thesis Statement E. Preview F Transition into your first main point II. The main body A First Main Point 1. First sub-point and supporting material 2. Transition closing off main point one and opening main point two В Second Main Point 1.First sub-point of this section and supporting material 2.Second sub-point and supporting material 3.Transition closing off second main point and opening third main point С Third Main Point 1.First sub-point of this section and supporting material 2.Transition into conclusion III. Conclusion A. Review of main points B. Final Statement IV. Bibliography (List of material used in speech) ANALYZE YOUR AUDIENCE Analyze the demographics and attitudes of your audience : 1. Determine how you will address information in I relation to your audience's age, gender, ethnicity and status 2. Anticipate that your audience will agree, remain neutral or disagree with your message. 3. Think about your audience's reaction to your I message and structure your words and ideas accordingly 4. Consider how your audience's age and knowledge of your topic will affect the way you will I shape your message • When possible, collect information about your audience before you begin your speech: 1. Interview selected audience members to gain insight into the views of the audience 1
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2. Observe the audience, or draw from your gener1 al inferences 3. Use a survey questionnaire to poll your audience or a group of people with related characteristics
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2012 for the course ENG 101 taught by Professor Sierra during the Spring '08 term at Rutgers.

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