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exam1_keywords - KEYWORDS(for first exam Week One...

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KEYWORDS (for first exam) Week One transnational feminism : Transnational feminism critiques mainstream feminism as centered primarily in the US and Europe. It attempts to international women’s studies beyond the paradigms of “global sisterhood” and “women and development” by paying careful attention to the asymmetrical effects of globalization, as well as the ongoing legacies of colonization (including neo-colonial practices like inequitable trade agreements, environmental exploitation, cultural imperialism, etc.). Further, it makes a concerted effort to integrate questions of gender, race, sexuality, politics, religion, economics, family, philosophy, history, and so on in its analyses of world issues. There is no one transnational feminism, but many. interdisciplinary scholarship : Traditional academic disciplines (philosophy, anthropology, biology, history, political science, sociology, and so on) produce knowledge in particular ways. They use theories and methods (lenses) through which they examine and understand the world in which we live. Up until the 1970s, women’s experiences, scholarship, and contributions to culture/society were largely left out of the official record. Women’s studies changed that by producing feminist scholarship both within the traditional disciplines, as well as across disciplines. Interdisciplinarity means that researchers approach issues from multiple angles in order to better understand how women’s lives are affected by relations of power (for example: a feminist researcher studying eating disorders might simultaneously examine media representations of teenage girls, current public policy on education and treatment, how economic disadvantages affect food choices and overall health, etc.) identity : That which locates us in a particular group (this can either be an affirmation of common identity or how we are recognized and confirmed by others). identity politics : The term refers to the practice of basing one’s politics on a sense of personal identity—as female, gay, black, etc. It has been used by ethnic and sexual minorities, in particular, as an organizing tool to build cohesive and vocal political communities. For example, the Combahee River Collective, a US black lesbian group, mobilized around the issues of sexual, racial, and heterosexual oppressions: This focusing upon our own oppression is embodied in the concept of identity politics. We believe that the most profound and potentially the most radical politics come directly from our own identity, as opposed to working to end somebody else’s oppression (1982: 16). This suggests the need to claim an identity before articulating a personal politics and that the character of the latter will be determined by the former. During the 1980s and early 1990s, identity politics became the dominant form of radical political organizing in Britain and the US, with mixed results: while encouraging a positive proliferation of new political groupings, the development also made political mobilization across groups more
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difficult. The appeal to a pre-existing identity as a ‘natural’ basis for political organization
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exam1_keywords - KEYWORDS(for first exam Week One...

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