exam2_keywords

exam2_keywords - KEYWORDS (for second exam) Week Ten state:...

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KEYWORDS (for second exam) Week Ten state : A state can be seen as the political and bureaucratic institutions, practices, and policies that govern a given territory and population. This goes beyond the formal realm of elected government to include, for example, the military, local police forces, social services (welfare, social security, etc.), tax collection, census bureaus, and the law. nation : A nation implies a community of people who are believed to be or believe themselves to be similar or connected by a common identity. This commonality is often expressed as a religious, racial, or ethnic identity. According to Benedict Anderson, a nation “is an imagined political community—and imagined as both limited and sovereign .” nationalism : Nationalism can loosely be defined as the following: 1) a marker of national identity built around common membership in an already established state (what it means to be an American , for example); 2) movements of peoples to establish statehood, or to re-establish it after colonization or foreign occupation (various independence movements in Africa, Latin America, the former Soviet Union, and so on); and 3) cultural movements that may not necessarily desire independent statehood, but nevertheless, organize around particular identities in order to advocate for political change (Hindu nationalism, Black nationalism, etc.). cultural nationalism : Cultural nationalism is a form of nationalism in which the nation is defined as a community of people with a shared culture, as opposed to a nationalism based on civic organization or state institutions. Examples include, La Raza (Chicano nationalism), the Black Panthers, Hindutva (Hindu nationalism), Queer Nation, Zionism, and so on. internal colonization : Similar to the definition of colonization except that the colonizing practices occur within a particular nation-state. For example, native American reservations—although, legally, sovereign nations—are treated as if they were colonies of the United States proper with all the practices of domination that entails (resource extraction, violation of treaty rights, forced relocation, suppression of indigenous languages, importation of cultural norms, etc.). Week Eleven commodification/commodity : Originally a term in Marxism, commodification is a process by which material objects are turned into marketable goods with monetary (exchange) value. Commodities are goods marketed to consumers in a commodity culture. Commodity production and consumption under capitalism are always already gendered and, thus, are important concepts to feminism. For example, women (especially
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racial ethnic women from the global south) are assumed to be a source of so-called ‘cheap’ labor. Inexpensive merchandise and sizable corporate profits are dependent upon this exploitable labor. At the same time, women are active consumers, purchasing products sold through marketing strategies that target them specifically
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exam2_keywords - KEYWORDS (for second exam) Week Ten state:...

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