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AFAM 10 Super (Complete) Study Guide

AFAM 10 Super (Complete) Study Guide - Af Am Study Guide...

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Af Am- Study Guide: List of Terms to Study Amber ****September 19, 24. The Nature of the Negro: Man or Beast Kristen**** September 26. Cultural Retentions: American or African Melusi *****October 1, 3. Which Way Freedom: Playing the Name Game Afkera *****October 10, 15. Protest or Accommodation Kim *****October 17, 22. Nationalism and Pan-Africanism versus Integration Jose and Dara *****October 24. Feminism versus Black Macho Erin *****October 29. Structure versus Agency and the Signifying Monkey Jamie ****October 31. Socialism or Capitalism Elizabeth and Jessica *****November 5. Gender or Race Sarah **** November 7. Sell-outs or Race Men and Women The Nature of the Negro: Man or Beast, September 19-24 (Prepared by Amber James) % Great chain of being: ladder structure that permeated philosophical, 18 th century enlightenment thought % God was at the top, then angels, then humans, then the subdivisions of humans: Europeans, Asians, brown people then red people, then beneath them the distinctions of animals began, with Africans on the next step and apes beneath them % Mentality was used to justify slavery by deeming Africans “subhuman” % David Hume % Great enlightenment thinker who argued a polygenesis theory that there were different species of human, and all were inferior to the European % Immanuel Kant % Another great enlightenment philosopher. Argued that Negroes were ignoble savages with no deep thoughts or feelings, while Native Americans were noble savages with valor, etc.
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% No matter how brilliant the comment a negro makes, it must be stupid because all negroes are stupid and incapable of higher thinking % Thomas Jefferson: % Argued that the difference between Europeans and Africans was fixed in nature, and that there was no gap between Africans and monkeys. % Because they are inherently inferior, Africans need not be emancipated % Morgan Gotwick % Maybe not a key figure, but just in case, he defended negromanhood and argued that Africans were men in their form and shape and members, and they had the same faculties as men % Ralph Waldo Emerson % Ideas are the only elements of a people that can save them % Without ideas (i.e. reading and writing) the negro man cannot be admitted to the human family % A nation must warrant admittance into the roundtable of man. Essentially prove themselves to be a nation of men and not animals % The burden of the Africans % Benjamin Bannecker % Fought Emerson’s claims by demonstrating Africans were capable of literacy % Along with others, such as Wheatly, Jacobus Capetein, Francis Williams, Sancho, etc wrote to indict slavery, prove humanness % Through the slave narrative, Africans moved from the object to the subject % Phillis Wheatly: % African slave girl who was a genius poet by the age of 7 % Mot famous African in the world, all the great minds of the age came to see her, including Benjamin Franklin % In 1772 there was a conference with all of the great American politicians, such as John Hancock, Thomas Hutchinson, etc. who got together to decide whether or not she had actually written the brilliant book of poetry % Signed a petition to say that she was legit %
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