Arth250 Notes

Arth250 Notes - Arth250: Ancient Americas 01:48 • Monte...

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Unformatted text preview: Arth250: Ancient Americas 01:48 • Monte Verde- • Will save it if its completely dry or wet in order to be well preserved • Mesoamerica- • Pristine civilization=civilization that develops without any type of outside influence (Mesoamerica, China, Hindus Valley, Andean America) • Pictures of Cancun, large mountain in Mesoamerica with little mountain town • Maya • Corn-naise- is important in Mesoamerica-1. Grows quite high, 2. Farmed with a coatstick • Water is an issue-picture with pipe that brings water to the communities (cold water) • When Spanish arrived to the new world indigenous people had dogs that were eaten-no beast of burden-the human beings did all of the work themselves • Mage plant- cactus- good for making ceremony drinks, fiber and used to make clothing, paper • In Mesoamerica all of the tools were either made of stone or -------- • Pomegranate- a symbol of prosperity • Black birds are walking around roaming free • Chili peppers • Maize with corn on its cob laid out to dry o How do we get from corn to tortilla? Take corn off the cob, soften it, soak it in water with lime, • Coffee- really strong- dissolves sugar • Intrinsic meaning- work of art as a cultural sentence-shows us a sign Olmec 01:48 • Gulf Coast OLMEC • Mesoamerica had 3 periods: • Formative 1500BC-1000BC/AD o Early 1500-900BC o Middle 800-600BC o Late 300BC-100BC/AD • San Lorenzo-studying today • • Olmec Chronology • Early Formative 1500-900BC • San Lorenzo • • Kunz Axe, Middle Formative 800-500BC • Mother culture=problem because it is seen in other cultures as well • Name comes from George Kunz who was the first person to describe it • It was purchased in Europe with 2 other stone objects • People were interested in stone (came from Costa Rica) more than the features • Large head and small body- first described as having face of a tiger • Had jaguar features/style • Human/jaguar/serpentine • Mouth is upturned with large fangs that come out of mouth-had no tools so this is all stone on stone- powdered jade (sand paper) to do a fine polish • Body- not as deeply carved-just lines that make up 2 hands • Back of it was carved out • Olmec means rubber people because there was rubber where they lived Olmec 01:48 • Olmec were native Americans and were on the continent for 15000 years and were well preserved skeletons • Remained mystery in many ways • No written documents about the Olmec • Art is recognizable • The remains we have are in stone because other objects like wood or leather are usually destroyed • Matthew Sterling- doesn’t get as much credit as archeologists but he is...
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2012 for the course ARTH 250 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Maryland.

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Arth250 Notes - Arth250: Ancient Americas 01:48 • Monte...

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