Arth250 Notes - Arth250:AncientAmericas 01:48 MonteVerde...

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Arth250: Ancient Americas 01:48 Monte Verde-  Will save it if its completely dry or wet in order to be well preserved Mesoamerica-  Pristine civilization=civilization that develops without any type of outside  influence (Mesoamerica, China, Hindus Valley, Andean America) Pictures of Cancun, large mountain in Mesoamerica with little mountain town  Maya Corn-naise- is important in Mesoamerica-1. Grows quite high, 2. Farmed with  a coatstick Water is an issue-picture with pipe that brings water to the communities (cold  water) When Spanish arrived to the new world indigenous people had dogs that  were eaten-no beast of burden-the human beings did all of the work  themselves Mage plant- cactus- good for making ceremony drinks, fiber and used to  make clothing, paper In Mesoamerica all of the tools were either made of stone or -------- Pomegranate- a symbol of prosperity Black birds are walking around roaming free  Chili peppers Maize with corn on its cob laid out to dry o How do we get from corn to tortilla? Take corn off the cob, soften it,  soak it in water with lime,  Coffee- really strong- dissolves sugar  Intrinsic meaning- work of art as a cultural sentence-shows us a sign
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Olmec 01:48 Gulf Coast OLMEC Mesoamerica had 3 periods: Formative 1500BC-1000BC/AD o Early 1500-900BC o Middle 800-600BC o Late 300BC-100BC/AD San Lorenzo-studying today Olmec Chronology Early Formative 1500-900BC San Lorenzo Kunz Axe, Middle Formative 800-500BC Mother culture=problem because it is seen in other cultures as well Name comes from George Kunz who was the first person to describe it It was purchased in Europe with 2 other stone objects People were interested in stone (came from Costa Rica) more than the  features Large head and small body- first described as having face of a tiger Had jaguar features/style Human/jaguar/serpentine Mouth is upturned with large fangs that come out of mouth-had no tools so  this is all stone on stone- powdered jade (sand paper) to do a fine polish Body- not as deeply carved-just lines that make up 2 hands Back of it was carved out Olmec means rubber people because there was rubber where they lived
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Olmec 01:48 Olmec were native Americans and were on the continent for 15000 years and  were well preserved skeletons Remained mystery in many ways No written documents about the Olmec Art is recognizable The remains we have are in stone because other objects like wood or leather  are usually destroyed
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