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Terminology-02 - Terminology BIOL 112-546 547...

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Terminology - BIOL 112-546; 547 Cardiopulmonary Function 1. Metabolism - A set of chemical reactions that occur in living organisms in order to maintain life. 2. Swim Bladder – An internal gas-filled organ that helps the organism in buoyancy. 3. Alveoli – Fine branching of the respiratory tree and act as primary gas exchange units of the lung. 4. Sheep Pluck – Dissection which includes the heart, lungs and fully attached trachea. 5. Ectothermic – Cold-blooded animals that control body temperature through external means. 6. Endothermic – Warm-blooded animals that control their own body temperature regardless of the ambient temperature. 7. Pulmonary Circulation – The portion of the cardiovascular system which carries oxygen-depleted blood away from the hearts, to the lungs, and returns oxygenated blood back to the heart. 8. Systemic Circulation – The portion of the cardiovascular system which carries oxygenated blood from the heart, to the body, and returns deoxygenated blood back to the heart.
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