chapter review 2

chapter review 2 - 9. What are vicariances? 10.What are...

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CHAPTER REVIEW You can use this document as a review after reading a chapter for the lab manual. This document  is  not  exhaustive. I may have left out some aspects of the lab, so it is imperative that you read the  manual before attempting to answer these questions. EVIDENCE OF EVOLUTION:  1. What are systemics, phylogenies and taxonomy? 2. Discuss monophyletic, polyphyletic and paraphyletic taxa.  3. What are the four unifying theories of biology?  4. What are the fundamental concepts of the theory of evolution?  5. What are the evidences for evolution?  6. Discuss Tiktaalik and how it helps us understand about evolution.  7. What is the relation between dinosaurs, Archeopteryx and birds? What are the features  Archeopteryx shares with dinosaurs and birds respectively?   8. What is Biogeography? How does evolution proceed in a restricted gene pool? 
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Unformatted text preview: 9. What are vicariances? 10.What are homologous and analogous structures? 11.What is structural homology and molecular homology? 12.What are vestigial structures? 13.What are “molecular clocks”? 14.What is the molecular evidence linking T-Rex and the common chicken? 15.What is niche and competition? How are they related to each other? 16.How does wet weather affect the beak size of finches? 17.How does dry weather affect the beak size of finches? 18.What is the relationship between the beak size and beak depth? 19.What is an outgroup? How is it related to an ingroup? 20. What are plesiomorphy, apomorphy, autapomorphy and synapomorphy? 21.What is a node in a clodogram? 22. How do you use the principle of parsimony to choose the best cladogram?...
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2012 for the course BIOL 112 taught by Professor Vaughn during the Fall '08 term at Texas A&M.

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chapter review 2 - 9. What are vicariances? 10.What are...

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