Terminology - Flowering Plant Anatomy

Terminology - Flowering Plant Anatomy - Terminology...

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Terminology Flowering Plant Anatomy 1. Ovary: Ovary is the part of the female reproductive organ which encloses the ovules. 2. Monocot/Monocotyledon: A plant that has one embryonic seed leaf or cotyledon. 3. Dicot/Dicotyledon: A plant that has two embryonic leaves or cotyledons. 4. Parenchyma: in plants, tissue typically composed of living cells that are thin-walled, unspecialized in structure, and therefore adaptable, with differentiation, to various functions. Parenchyma may be compact or have extensive spaces between the cells. It is often called ground, or fundamental, tissue and makes up the mesophyll (internal layers) of leaves and the cortex (outer layers) and pith (innermost layers) of stems and roots; it also forms the soft tissues of fruits. Cells of this type are also contained in xylem (wood) and phloem (bast, or food-conducting, cells) as transfer cells ( see phloem ) and, with both xylem and phloem as bundle sheaths, the cells that surround the vascular strands. 5.
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2012 for the course BIOL 112 taught by Professor Vaughn during the Fall '08 term at Texas A&M.

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Terminology - Flowering Plant Anatomy - Terminology...

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