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1_10_08 - Maritime Power Alfred Mahan(Theorist Continental...

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IR 1/10/08 Realism: Explains IR in terms of power Theoretical Assumptions o State-Centric o Rationality: World is rational individuals acting in their self-interest : Individuals: Maximize gains, minimize losses : State: Unitary Actor (acts as one being) o Anarchical Int’l System : No higher authority (but not chaos) : I.E.- UN doesn’t have any power from Realist POV Power: the degree to which you can impose your view on others o Country A can make Country B do something (or prevent from doing) Measuring Power : Wealth & Economy: GDP, standard of living, wealth distribution : Natural Resources : Military Power : Technology : Stability of Government/Internal Peace : Education: Literacy o Geopolitics: where a state is located (used to) determine its wealth: resources, neighbors, adjacent water (fresh/ocean), warm water coasts
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Unformatted text preview: : Maritime Power: Alfred Mahan (Theorist) : Continental Power: MacKindor (Heartland Theory) o Hard Power : Power Resources (Long term sources of power) • Pop., Economy, Education, Health • Politics/Patriotism (Historical) : Power Capabilities (Short term sources of power) • Leadership; alliances • Public opinion (internal/international) • Industrial capacity (recessions, etc) • Economic, military power (military spending) o Soft Power: can justify Hard Power : Education, stability, etc • Balance of Power o Unipolar: One power dominates int’l system o Bipolar: Two major powers (Cold War) o Multipolar: Several powers...
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