311C Biomolecules review

311C Biomolecules review - Biomolecules review checklist...

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Biomolecules review checklist Campbell: Chapter 5: pages 68-89 Hillis : chapter 2 pages 23-29, chapter 3 pages 35-45 Biomolecules: 4 classes Polymers Monomers Dehydration reaction (condensation) Hydrolysis Carbohydrates: monomer, polymer, bonds (chemical groups?) Functions Monosaccharides Structure: CH 2 O, carbonyl location, length, linear/ring structure alpha v. beta glucose (numbering of carbons in glucose) Glycosidic linkage Alpha 1-4 Alpha 1-6 Beta 1-4 Polysaccharides: structures and functions Starch Glycogen Cellulose Lipids: classes (why are these all lipids?) Functions Triglycerides Functions Structure Glycerol: structure Fatty acids: structure Saturated Unsaturated Cis v. trans Hydrogenation Ester linkage Fats and oils Phospholipids Functions Structure Glycerol Fatty acids Phosphate group Amphipathic Phospholipid bilayers Steroids Functions Structure Cholesterol: functions Proteins: monomer, polymer, bonds (chemical groups?) Functions Amino acid General structure
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