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3_17_08 - The United Nations Purpose Global structure to...

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3/17/08 The United Nations Purpose: Global structure to settle conflicts with lesser use of force - Keep international security UN Charter - Principles o Equality of states o Sovereignty/Territorial Integrity o Independence - Obligations of member states o Respect diplomatic privileges o Not commit acts of aggression o Observe signed treaties - Objectives o Security o Economic Development o Human Rights History - Termed by FDR (1942) and the Allies; post-League of Nations; Originally 51 states (45) - Communist China ratified in ’71 - Cold War: UN’s impotence & irrelevance - Post-Cold War: UN involved in civil wars in S.America, Iraq Structure - General Assembly: Equal representation (one vote each) o Policy Discussions - Recommendations - Non-binding Resolutions o Economic Special Council - Secretariat: Executive Branch o Secretary General: Sets agenda for UN o 15,000 members: inefficient (?) - Security Council o Five Permanent Members: US, UK, France, Russia, China o 10 Non-permanent members: elected; Germany, Japan, etc o All decisions are binding
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