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PSY 375 Infancy and Early Childhood Development Paper

PSY 375 Infancy and Early Childhood Development Paper -...

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R u n n i n g H e a d : I N F A N C Y A N D E A R L Y C H I L D H O O D D E V E L O P M E N T | 1 *Please be sure to use this tutorial as a guide only. Do not plagiarize and do not resell as your own work. If you have any questions or problems with the tutorial please get a hold of me before leaving any negative feedback and I will resolve the issue. If you have trouble opening or viewing the files please contact me and I will fix the problem as soon as I can. Sometimes instructors change the syllabus so if the material does not match your syllabus please let me know. If I do not respond right away please be patient, I do have a full-time job and I try to check my messages once a day. Thanks and good luck!!! :-) Infancy and Early Childhood Development Name PSY 375 January 17, 2011 Instructor
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P a g e | 2 Infancy and Early Childhood Development All aspects of development begin in infancy and continue throughout one’s entire lifetime. Some believe that infants and young children are greatly influenced by their surrounding environment. Early in life, cognitive and social aspects of development are shaped and molded quite easily. Language and speech, perception, and motor skills are also influenced early in a child’s life. Parents and family members play a large role in a young child’s life, which is why they also have a significant impact on the child’s development. As a young child reaches school age, he or she will also begin to adapt to an educational atmosphere, which will in turn affect his or her cognitive development and social skills. Family Influences After a baby is born the brain begins to go through developmental changes as a result of both heredity and experience. Early childhood experiences can be split into two categories, experience-expectant and experience-dependent. Expectant experiences include common and somewhat universal experiences shared by most babies. This can include experiences such as love from parents or families, perception of surrounding objects, and recognizing facial expressions (Berger, 2008). Dependent experiences are less universal and more individualized depending on the infant’s environment and surroundings. Different cultures and family belief systems come into play in dependent experiences. It is the experience-dependent aspects of development that create diversity among infants and young children. An infant’s parents or caregivers are significant in his or her early stages of development.
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