Ch 12 Health Safety and EAPs

Ch 12 Health Safety and EAPs - Health, Safety & EAPs 1...

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1 Health, Safety & EAP’s
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2 Occupational Safety and Health Act n OSHA : Short for the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, the agency responsible for enforcing the Occupational Safety and Health Act enacted in 1970 n The Act established, for the first time, a nationwide, centralized, federal program to protect almost the entire work force from job- related death, injury and illnesses n Instituted “sufficiently safe workplace” policy n Protection of workers from reasonable and foreseeable/known health and safety hazards n Established OSH Administration, OSH Review Commission (OSHRC) and the Nat’l Institute of OSH (NIOSH) www.osha.gov
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3 Background Historically: n Factories contained dangerous machinery and poor lighting n Every miner was subject to floods, cave-ins, poison gas, and black lung disease n Fire claimed hundreds of workers The modern workplace is just as hazardous, with: n High levels of stress n Repetitive motion disorders n Fire hazards
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4 Government Responses n Before 1970, many felt that not enough was being done to ensure safe and healthy working conditions n The federal Walsh-Healy Act was weak and inadequately enforced n State programs were incomplete, diverse, and lacking in authority n In 1936 alone, 35,000 workplace deaths were reported n In the year that OSHA became law: n Over 14,000 workers died n 2.2 million suffered disabilities n 300,000 to 500,000 suffered from occupationally induced illnesses n http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JN1lU-6F_Q0
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5 n In 2009, there were 3.3 million nonfatal injuries and illnesses in the private sector n Approximately 1.3 million involved lost work time Injury rates were higher for medium-size firms (50 to 249 workers n Highway fatalities are the leading cause of on-the-job deaths, followed by: n Falling n Homicide n Most victims of workplace homicides are: n Store personnel n Gas station attendants n Taxicab drivers
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6 OSHA Compliance n Compliance Inspections Ø compliance officers inspect unannounced most of the businesses and may issue citations for violation of standards Ø employers can require OSHA inspectors to obtain a search warrant prior inspections n Violation citations Ø imminent danger, willful violations, non-serious danger, failure to correct violation, violations causing death, posting requirements, minimal violations Ø employers have 15 days to appeal to OSHRC; if not appealed the citation is final
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7 An OSHA Inspection n Present credentials and explain purpose of visit n Look for required postings n May interview and observe ee’s working n Inspect workplace for hazards n Review safety records n Meet with management to report findings
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8 OSHA Record-Keeping Requirements n Major areas of OSHA mandated recordkeeping related to the hospitality industry include: n Log and summary of all recordable injuries and illnesses n Personal Protective Equipment - Assessment & Training n Control of Hazardous Energy n Hazard Communication Standards n Emergency Action Plans and Fire Prevention Plans
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2012 for the course HRAD 3783 taught by Professor Slevitch during the Spring '08 term at Oklahoma State.

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Ch 12 Health Safety and EAPs - Health, Safety & EAPs 1...

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