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Facilities Layout (1) - Facilities Layout Chapter 6(pp...

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Chapter 6 (pp. 249-260) Facilities Layout
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Layout What is it? Layout refers to the configuration of departments, work centers, and equipment, with particular emphasis on the movement of work (customers or materials) through the system. Why is it important? 1. They require substantial investments of money and effort. 2. They involve long-term commitments, which makes mistakes difficult to overcome. 3. They have a significant impact on the cost and efficiency of operations.
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Why Redesign a Layout? Inefficient operations Bottlenecks High costs Accidents or safety hazards Changes in the design of products or services Introduction of new products or services Changes in the volume of output or mix of outputs Morale problems Remember, poor layout design can adversely affect system performance!
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Basic Objective of Layout Design To facilitate a smooth flow of work, material, and information through the system. Supporting objectives Facilitate product or service quality Use workers and space efficiently Avoid bottlenecks Minimize material handling costs Eliminate unnecessary movement of workers or material Minimize production time or customer service time Design for safety
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Basic Layout Types Product layouts Process layouts Fixed-Position layout Combination layouts
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Repetitive Processing: Product Layouts Product layout Layout that uses standardized processing operations to achieve smooth, rapid, high-volume flow
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