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Ch 3 Bio - Macromolecules and the Origins of Life p o ly m...

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Chapt er 3, page 1 Macromolecules and the Origins of Life polymer monomer(s) -------built from--------->
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Chapt er 3, page 2
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Chapt er 3, page 3 H N H C COO 3 + R -
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Chapt er 3, page 4
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Chapt er 3, page 5
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Chapt er 3, page 6
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Chapt er 3, page 8 chaparones, chaparonin
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Chapt er 3, page 9
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Chapter 3, page 10
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Chapter 3, page 11
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Chapter 3, page 12
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Chapter 3, page 13
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Chapter 3, page 14
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Chapter 3, page 15 Chapter 3 Key Words: Alpha Helix Beta-pleated sheet Disulfide bridge Primary, secondary, tertiary, quaternary structure denaturation R group chaperonins Carbohydrates Cellulose Glycogen Glucose Starch DNA Complementary base pairing RNA Nuceotide, nucleoside Enzyme Condensation reaction Hydrolysis Ligand Ribozyme Lipids Phospholipids Triglyceride Steroid Unsaturated, saturated hydrocarbon
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Chapter 3, page 16 Chapter 3 Highlights: I. Macromolecules: Giant Polymers II. Condensation and Hydrolysis Reactions III. Proteins: Polymers of Amino Acids A. Proteins are composed of amino acids B. Peptide linkages covalently bond amino acids together C. The primary structure of a protein is its amino acid sequence D. The secondary structure of a protein requires hydrogen bonding E. The tertiary structure of a protein is formed by bending and folding F. The quaternary structure of a protein consists of subunits G. The surfaces of proteins have specific shapes H. Protein shapes are sensitive to the environment I. Chaperonins help shape proteins
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