PHI MOD 6 READING

PHI MOD 6 READING - 2/24/12 PHI-105 21st Century Skills:...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 2
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: 2/24/12 PHI-105 21st Century Skills: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving 27-Feb-2012 (PEO101) PH 105 Objectives 0 Relate concepts of thought, language, and commlmication 0 Evaluate the influence of persuasion on decision mking and action Thought, Language, and Commimication a “ You Want Me to Do WHAT?! LECTURE Six READINGS 0 Read chapter 11 of the textbook. Module Purpose In the previous module, you had the opportunity to explore the relationship between language development and As you began to see, language usage is so significantly intertwined with thinking competencies that a second module is dedicated to further examine language's role in critical The focus of this module is to investigate and apply language as a communication vehicle for your thoughtsa€”clearly, carefiilly, and intentionally. The three prilmry concepts to grasp fiomthis module are the three prilmry purposes of communication: to inform, explain, and persuade. Module Concept #1: Chris, Pat, and Chocolate Chris: I love chocolate! It has a lot of interesting components. Dark chocolate is the best! Pat: I love chocolate, too! But I like more of a milk chocolate. Chris: It has some very tasty and healthy qualities. Pat: I don't know about healthier, but it is tastier. Then again, it has more sugar and calories. Chris: You should eat dark chocolate regularly, Pat. Pat: I don't think you or I should eat very much chocolate. As you learned in the previous module, fiom the time you wake up to the time you go to sleep, even during sleepa€”in your dreamsa€”you are From the time you interface with another person or group, even though you may be silent, you are using some sort of language to formulate and probably express your thoughts. angel03.gcu.edu/section/defauIt.asp?id=1263520 1/4 2/24/12 PHI-105 21st Century Skills: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving 27-Feb-2012 (PEO101) As mentioned above, that expression typically happens in a combination of three prirmry intentions: to inform, to explain, and/or to persuade. Your intent may be one of these, a combination of two, or as in most cases, all threea€”and not necessarily in any specific or consistent order. As you share your thoughts, feelings, and experiences with others, particularly as you build relationships in lifea €”especially the long-lasting onesa€”you and the others will be involved in some sort of eflorts to influence each other's This is true of something as simple as attitudes towards chocolate or as profound as views regarding birth, death, and everything between and beyond. One purpose, if not the key purpose, of using critical thinking skills is to help you evaluate your intentions and those of others, as well as the processes you use to influence. If you are interested in exploring communication and thinking further, view and/or read the following optional materials: 0 Read "Stages of Thinking & Reasoning as Described by Jean Piaget," located at h_ttp 'J/www.heliumcom/items/l414464-jean—piagets— developmental-theory 0 Read "Persuasion" from the World of Sociology, located in the GCU eLibrary at ht_tpJ/www.credoreference.comlibrary.gguedu:2048/ent1y/worldsocs/persuasion 0 View "Science Saturday: Language and Thought," located at hfip'J/bloggm' gheadstv/diavlogsB 1479 0 View "Jay Walker on the World's English Mania," located on the TED Web site at h 1/www.ted.com/talks/la e 'a walker on the world s e ' h rmniahtml 0 Choose a video to watch from the theme Words about Words, located on the TED Web site at hitpJ/wwwted.com/themes/words_about_words.htrnl 0 Read "Thoughts, Symbols, and Language for Success," located at hitp 'f/wordnngicwordpress.com/2007/10/3 l/th01_1gl_it- smbols- and- mggge- for- success/ Module Concept #2: Informing Chris: I love chocolate! It has a lot of interesting components. Dark chocolate is the best! Pat: I love chocolate, too! But I like more of a milk chocolate. At this point in their discussion, Chris and Pat are informing each other of their respective thoughts regarding chocolate. The informing stage does just thata€”it provides information The information may be about the subjecta ”in this case, chocolate. It may also be about the person providing the information; Chris informs Pat of a love for chocolate. Pat indicates a similar love. The information may be ficts: chocolate has a lot of components, and milk chocolate has more sugar and calories than dark. Or it may be opinion: Chris thinks dark chocolate is the best, while Pat prefers more of a mflk chocolate. Although the informing stage can be fairly neutral, in your readings and review of other resources, you will learn that the type, rmnner, and amount of information that is exchanged can already impact the influence you are trying to put forth or that rmy be exerted on you. Separating fact from opinion, either in presenting inforrmtion or angel03.gcu.edu/section/defauIt.asp?id=1263520 2/4 2/24/12 PHI-105 21st Century Skills: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving 27-Feb-2012 (PEO101) receiving it, is another aptitude that will enhance your critical thinking success. As you learned earlier, humans have the ability to continue from one generation to the next through the transfer of knowledge. In its basic application, the informing stage is the initial transfer. As hurmns, we are fortune to have that ability. To make that transfer progressive, we have a responsibility to think, speak, write, and act constructively. Module Concept #3: Explaining Chris: It has some very tasty and healthy qualities. Pat: I don't know about healthier, but it is tastier. Then again, it has more sugar and calories. During the explanation stage of communication, we typically try to address the premises and reasoning that support the inforrmtion provided. Imagine the young child asking, "Why/2" Why do you like chocolate? What do you like dark chocolate the best? Why should I eat this one, or this one? "Why?" is not the only question that adds substance to the practice of explaining. Who, what, where, when, and how can be equally as useful. When you are asking for something to be explained, you are not only asking for more inforrmtion but for more meaning, more facts, more opinions, and more ideasa€”all in an effort to help you reason better. Does that explain "explaining" well enough for you? Are you ready to decide on dark or milk chocolate? Module Concept #4: Persuading Chris: You should eat dark chocolate regularly, Pat. Pat: I don't think you or I should eat very much chocolate. Eat this. Drink that. Buy those. Watch them Vote for me. Love me. Marry me. Do this. Don't do that. Think like I am thinking! The third stagea€”as mentioned, not necessarily in that ordera€”in the course of expressing and influencing your thoughts is the "art" of persuasion In reality, persuasion is more of a craft than an art. Trying to balance and manage your thinking process fi'om perception, through emotion, to languagea€”while lallaciesa €”requires amazing craftsmanship. Yet, efi'ective problem solving, sound decision rmking, and positive relationship development requires nothing less. In essence, when you are attempting to persuade, you are trying to get the other person to think, fee], and/or act the way you are. This is quite a challengea€”still, we spend most of our waking time seeking this understanding, acceptance, and agreement. Chapter 11 of the text provides excellent information, explanations, and persuasive discussions on influential Module Concept #5: The Persuasiveness of Your Persuasive Essay Starting on page 268, the course text provides a five- step method for organizing a persuasive presentation, oral or written Take a look at that structure and review your persuasive essay based on those steps. Are you ready angel03.gcu.edu/section/defauIt.asp?id=1263520 3/4 2/24/12 PHI-105 21st Century Skills: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving 27-Feb-2012 (PEO101) to influence you readers? VERSION: 1.5 angel03.gcu.edu/section/defauIt.asp?id=1263520 4/4 ...
View Full Document

Page1 / 4

PHI MOD 6 READING - 2/24/12 PHI-105 21st Century Skills:...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online