This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.View Full Document
Unformatted text preview: Neanderthals: Paving the Way for The Modern Human By Michael Knutson Anthropology 101 Safi 17 November 2010 For millions of years, humans have dominated the animal kingdom, primarily due to superior cognitive abilities. Modern humans have made cultural advances of astronomical proportions, but their predecessors were equally impressive in their evolutional progression. Neanderthals, who lived around 500,000 years ago, were once thought to be primitive beings; however recent discoveries have suggested otherwise. They have a larger occipital bone, as well as flat skulls and projecting facial features that cause them appear more similar to apes. Though these prehistoric humans differ anatomically from Homo sapiens, they possess very similar social characteristics. For example, the Neanderthals were some of the first humans to develop and utilized tools, as well as create a form of lingual interaction. Artifacts and human remains comprise the evidence that lead to a better understanding of the culture of these ancient hominids. The use of tools is a distinguishing characteristic of all humans. The opposable thumb and cognitive abilities allow for the creation and utilization of artifacts that assisted the early humans in hunting, weaving, and building. The theme of this section will be regarding Neanderthal creativity and utilization of natural resources. The primary resources Neanderthals used to make tools were stone and wood. Wood was sharpened into spears for hunting and protection. Tree branches were also fashioned into digging tools while wood fragments were saved for cooking and lighting. Wooden fossil casts known as “pseudomorphs” have been discovered in placements that suggest tripod cooking. Stone flakes were created and used as knives and eventually secured to wooden rods as spearheads. Though the ability to construct rather sophisticated shelters and control fire are not necessarily tools, they are important to recognize with this category. One of the more intriguing discoveries was a hollowed out bear femur with holes bored into. Scientists believe that this “Divje Babe flute” could have been one femur with holes bored into....
View Full Document
This note was uploaded on 04/04/2012 for the course ANTHRO 101 taught by Professor Kristinsafi during the Fall '10 term at Washington State University .
- Fall '10