Notes 11-10-2010 - 20:15 Status Ascribedstatus Age,Race,etc...

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20:15 Status Any position that determines where someone fits in society Ascribed status Social status based on little or no choice Condition of being largely based on perception Age, Race, etc. Achieved status Social status based on choices or accomplishments Dr., convicted felon, champion Status Shifting Statuses, particular ascribed one, can be mutually exclusive, or not You cannot be male and female, POTUS and a convicted felon You can be a mother and a senator Ethnic Shifting: Mukogodo to Maasai Maa-speaking herders of Kenya subscribed to a pastoralist ideal, where farming and  foraging are low status wats of making a living In order to marry Maasai women, traditionally agricultural Mukogodo men raise and  otherwise acquire cattle for use as breidgewealth payment In this process, Mukogodo men adopt the language, lifeway and culture of Maasai  herders, conferring high status Situational Negotiation of Social Identity Use of various statuses in different situations In church you are a Protestant, Catholic, etc.
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At the bar, you are someone completely different When ethnic identity is flexible and situational, it can become an achieved status Imprisoned convicts may adopt religious practices but still maintain criminal attitudes  around other inmates  Race Race-ethinc groups are assumed to have biological basis Phenotype Expressed physical characteristics of an organism Racism Discrimination against an ethnic group assumed to have a biological basis American culture doesn’t draw a good distinction between ethnicity and race Both are socially constructed categories of identification Ex: Hispanics can be of any “race” Racial vs. Ethnic discrimination AAA Statement on Race Genetic analysis tells us that about 94% of all human physical (genetic) variation lies  within so called “races” themselves Greater variation  within  racial groups than between them Attempting to divide between biological populations is both arbitrary and subjective Descent Social identity based on ancestry Hypodescent  Children assigned to the same group as minority mother
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Hypodescent is rare outside the US although it exists Based on a concept of stratification Stratified Class structured with differences in wealth, prestige and power Nationality Society sharing a language, religion, history, territory, ancestry, and kinship State Stratified society with formal central government Nation-State An autonomous political entity, a country Colonialism Long term domination of a territory and its people, usually by a national entity Effects of colonialism Assimilation Absorption of minorities within a dominant culture Acculturation Maintenance of a separate cultural identity
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This note was uploaded on 04/04/2012 for the course ANTHRO 101 taught by Professor Kristinsafi during the Fall '10 term at Washington State University .

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Notes 11-10-2010 - 20:15 Status Ascribedstatus Age,Race,etc...

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