PSY205Exam2Studyguide

PSY205Exam2Studyguide - 1 Learning A change in behavior as...

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1 Learning A change in behavior as a result of experience that endures, it is reversible, non heritable and non maturational 2 The Self Stimulation Experiment James Olds Set up experiment with a rat with an electrode in head When presses bar the rat gets electric zap in head Rat learns to press it over and over because of pleasure 3 B.F Skinner No such thing of freedom of choice or human dignity, everything we do is controlled by reinforcement 4 Positive Reinforcement Any event that increases the rate of responding for the event 5 Negative Reinforcement Any event that increases preventing an event from happening 6 Instrumental Conditioning Behavior that does not come immediately Have to shape it by providing reinforcement for the behavior that you want to see 7 Behavior Modification Any Event can be reinforcing and modify behavior 8 The Case of Susie Developed coughing all of the time Gave his niece a nikel for every minute without coughing Gave her a dime for 2 minutes A quarter for 5 minutes A dollar for an hour 5 bucks for all night Coughing disappeared 9 The Case of Lisa Walked on hands and knees in classroom
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Classmates thought it was hilarious- maintained behavior 10 The Use of Reinforcement Continuous Vs. Partial Reinforcement 11 Continuous Reinforcement Reinforcing the desired response every time 12 Partial Reinforcement Reinforcing behavior only part of the time Results in slower acquisition but greater resistance to extinction 13 Fixed Ratio Schedule Give reinforcement at a specific number Ex. if you get 5 A's you get 5 dollars 14 Variable Ratio Schedule Sometimes give reinforcement Sometimes give reinforcement with 3 A's or sometimes at 50 15 Fixed Interval Schedule Give reinforcement at a specific amount of time Increases before reward and then stops after Scalping effect- example. Study like crazy before exam and then stop after 16 Variable Interval Schedule Do not know when reinforcement is coming but will always occur at a variable time 17 Latent Learning Learning can occur without reinforcement Edward C. Tolman Mental maps 18 Classical Conditioning Associate two stimuli and this anticipate events Expect and prepare for significant events 19 Association
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Minds naturally connect events that occur in sequence Ex. If we learn that walking one way to get somewhere is faster than anther way, we learn to take the faster route 20 Ivan Pavlov Experimented with classical conditioning Had a disdain for mentalistic concepts like the consciousness 21 Pavlov's Experiments Used a tone and then placed food for a dog= dog salivating After a while Used tone= dog started salivating Associated tone with food 22 Unconditioned Response (UCR) Unlearned naturally occurring response to the unconditioned experiments Salvation from food 23 Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS) Naturally and automatically triggers a response Food in mouth
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2012 for the course PSY 205 taught by Professor Palfai during the Fall '08 term at Syracuse.

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PSY205Exam2Studyguide - 1 Learning A change in behavior as...

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