6. Aristotle - Lecture 6 POL 200 Y 1 th Midterm December 15...

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Lecture 6 20/10/11 POL 200 Y 1 Midterm: December 15 th . Aristotle – Politics: -Aristotle is all substance, no style. -Aristotle is partial to giving merit to many sides of an argument, it is hard to distil exactly what his position on an issue is. -Aristotle took and improved on many of Plato’s thinking. The Life of Aristotle: -Macedonian -He was sent to study in Athens under Plato, as a very bright young man. He studied with Plato for 20 years. After Plato’s death he leaves Athens, and is eventually invited by the King of Macedonia to tutor Alexander the Great. -Returns again to Athens, but is excluded from Plato’s school, so he forms the Lyceum, which represented the new west coast rap scene. -Alexander dies, and the Athenians rise up against their former rulers, the Macedon’s. Aristotle leaves again, since there was much anti-Macedonian fervour going around. He would ‘not let Athens sin twice against philosophy’. -He was never a citizen of Greece. -When things got tough, he felt insecure because of his political affiliations. -Goes off the a farm and dies. We have his will! -Such is the life of Aristotle. Plato vs. Aristotle: -Geometry vs. Biology. -Plato loved geometry. He loved the idea of perfect concepts that existed in thought, in which every empirical representation was something less than the mathematical formula. -Aristotle loved and wrote a lot about biology. He liked to classify. “Observation shows us” First words in the book. *Sight as a metaphor for knowledge* -Interested in figuring out how the world works and finding solutions to problems. -Systemic vs. Aporetic ( aporia: a puzzle, not quite a paradox, a controversy) philosophy. -Plato has a systemic approach to philosophy. One that wants to build a system where
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6. Aristotle - Lecture 6 POL 200 Y 1 th Midterm December 15...

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