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8. Aristotle - Who Should Rule

8. Aristotle - Who Should Rule - Lecture#8 POL200 Y 1...

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Lecture #8 03/11/11 POL200 Y 1 Political Theory Aristotle – Who Should Rule? 1. Justice -Equality for equals. -The many, the few, the one. 2. Law -Reason without desire. -Human beings stand between gods (reason), and beasts (appetite). -The consistency of laws gives impartiality and neutrality, regardless of the goodness or the badness of laws. -Stoicism: Reason is an order, and its set of rules governs the universe logically without passion. -Unwritten laws exist due to their own success, and are therefore superior to written laws. Practice has given them their legitimacy. Seeking the Mean: -To make a constitution you need to look at specific situation, it’s not a one size fits all. This applies to morality as it does to politics, there are no overlying general principles. You need to have phronesis to know the particulars. (pharmacist example). 1. Prudence/practical reason/ phronesis . 2. Prudence and the middle class. -Having the right virtues is always striking the mean. He applies this to the constitution of the state. If you have a state with poverty, wealth, whatever, you have to take it in mind. The best
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