9. Averroes, Mamonides, and Aquinas

9. Averroes, Mamonides, and Aquinas - Lecture #9 24/11/11...

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Lecture #9 24/11/11 POL 200 Y 1 Political Theory Averroes, Maimonides, and Thomas Aquinas: -Philosophy means Aristotle, and Aristotle means two things: -Aristotle was considered a perfect philosopher, because he investigated everything, politics, ethics, biology, etc. In this sense philosophy encompasses science and all rational endeavours. -Philosophy seeks the good life, and the fully good life is the rational contemplation of the good in the world. The more you use your reason, the more you are like God. Paris, 1210: They ban Averroes, and no one is allowed to read him. Averroes brought Aristotle to Paris, and the debate determined the next 300 years of European philosophy. 1200: An influx of Aristotle. Latin Europe had very little Aristotle in the 1100’s. The religious authority called it dangerous. -Aristotle started in Greece, and never permeated the Dark Ages, instead his influence went East to Baghdad. The rise of Islam, and a dynasty in Baghdad proclaimed they wanted all the knowledge in the world, and started a translation movement. Everything got translated from Greek into Arabic. -In Spain, the Caliphates also sets up another cultural and literature center. Referred to the Golden Age of Spain. *The Ornament of the World*, coexistence of Christians, Jews, and Muslims in one place, communicating in Arabic, in Spain. -Regime change in the 12 th century, more religiously fundamentalist. Require all Christians and Jews to either convert or leave. Many left going either North into Europe or south into Egypt, (Maimonides). -Aristotle is retranslated into Hebrew, taken into Europe by exiled Jews, and again translated into Latin as it spread Europe. A very circuitous route. -Averroes is depicted in Raphael’s “School of Athens” because he was considered the communicator of Hellenistic ideas. He is the centerpiece between the Greek world and the modern Renaissance world. -He himself came from a very prominent family, he was a judge and doctor. -In the Christian tradition, one of the biggest problems is the battle between reason and
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This note was uploaded on 04/04/2012 for the course POL 200 taught by Professor Chambers during the Winter '08 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.

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9. Averroes, Mamonides, and Aquinas - Lecture #9 24/11/11...

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