21. Locke II - Lecture #21 29/03/2012 POL 200 Y 1 Political...

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Lecture #21 29/03/2012 POL 200 Y 1 Political Theory Locke II: Review: -Locke stresses continuities between himself and Hooker, instead of Hobbes. -He makes a point of saying the opposite of Hobbes about the State of Nature. BUT the bottom line is that the state of nature is exactly the same as Hobbes’. -Locke doesn’t see despotism as a solution to the state of nature, instead an aggregation of it. -Locke revises the agenda as follows, the political problem is to not avoid anarchy only, but oppression on the other. Preserving liberty, unlike Hobbes. -Locke’s greater emphasis on property and economics. -Economics has equal emphasis on politics. -State of nature: The world in its unimproved state. The way we get it from God, without the benefit of human progress. -Absence of the political arbiter. -Economically, the absence of the sufficient motivator of labour. -Potential abundance, actual poverty and misery. -What provides the incentive? -Money combined with private property. -Money is scarce or rare, but infinite. Always more to be had, always will provide an incentive. -Locke rejects classical virtue, all limits are off. -In amassing wealth for ourselves, we produce plenty for the human race. -With limitless acquisition, leads to limited government. -We keep as far as we can from the state of nature, thus we need the government for the maintenance of the expansion of property. Law defining property, legitimate ways of acquiring. -Pillars of liberal democracy, Locke is the theoretical founder. Presentation of the Family – Chapter Six -Paternal power is political power. (Filmer – Patriarchalism). -Father exercising power over wives, children, servants. -This model is taken from the Bible. Abraham, Isaac, Jacob. -Filmer thought that because of Biblical basis, was meant to be the one of God’s word. -Locke’s objection to the patriarchal/authoritarian model: -The mother has equal title with the father. Children owe obedience to both. -The Bible is ambiguous regarding parental power. The Law of Moses gives the same
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This note was uploaded on 04/04/2012 for the course POL 200 taught by Professor Chambers during the Winter '08 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.

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21. Locke II - Lecture #21 29/03/2012 POL 200 Y 1 Political...

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