ENV222 - ENV222 Jan 10 th Listing- Jan 23rd Environment...

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ENV222 Jan 10 th Listing- Jan 23 rd Environment those things which lie around/outside the individual human being. Nature synonymous with the non-human world. - Nature has always had an impact on human beings as much as it has had an impact on other organisms. We deal with those impacts. - Human actions also have a great impact on nature. - During the 19 th century, environmental problems were dealt with locally. However these issues have expanded to a point where environmental studies are everywhere. Universities attempt to grab from every discipline to explain the ramifications of environment. Does this mean we study everything, or anything? Jan 12 th – Lecture The Environmental Challenge - Global problems: reader p. 9 o Systematic problems affect global systems o Cumulative affect local systems, in many places, aggregated effects. Example is the depletion of forests (they are local, but if there is forest depletion in many places, an aggragate effect is created) - Basic dynamic o Individual organism: taking resources from environment and to discharge waste. o Collections of humans doing this: village, city, all humanity. o Factories do this too: machines+energy+organization Takes in raw materials, transform them, sell them (maybe polluting), and then become waste at the end of their lives. We have created machines that vastly increase human power; productivity. How? Because factories now have much more energy power available. TECHNOLOGY. Reader: Pg 8. Table. Organizations are the source of power. Hierarchical. The challenge is how to use organization to move to the side of the solution. - Conceptualizations o Anthropocene—reader p. 24. “where humans constitute the dominant driver of change to the Earth System” Humanity is no longer in the centre of the earth; Copernicus, Newton. Science has to reverse its view of human importance for workings of nature o Spatial Location of the problem
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Basic concepts: wilderness, garden, city. Symbolize the relationship between humanity and nature. Wilderness-- “The are of the earth which is untouched by humanity.” Evokes fear and foreboding. Things have gone wild, we do not have control—we must move away from Garden – Has been influenced and is somewhat controlled by humans. It still has a non-human characteristic. City —location in which humanity has complete control. Nature is not found Bill McKibben “the end of nature”—no part of nature untouched by the human. Problem is in the cities and in the wilderness. o Temporal location of the problem The effects of the environmental problem are being felt in the future rather than now. Humans believe that the future is less important than the
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This note was uploaded on 04/04/2012 for the course ENVIRONMEN ENV222 taught by Professor Macdonald during the Fall '12 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.

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ENV222 - ENV222 Jan 10 th Listing- Jan 23rd Environment...

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