History of International Relations

History of International Relations - History of...

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History of International Relations Day 1 - International Relations have not changed for centuries Fights for survival, food. Its purpose is to ensure the survival of mankind. In order to do this: - Thinkers thought they should impose moral, ethical and religious obligations (does not work because it creates more wars U.S going to Iraq ended up bloodier because of the rivalry between Muslims and Christians Religion does not help international conflicts). - Thinkers thought they should regulate wars (17 th century) by regulating weapons Does not work; after WW1 they eliminated chemical weapons (fire) and humans went on to create a better weapon (nuclear). - Regulating Warfare When a country is backed into a corner, no country will respect these regulations. - They should build international systems where every human would be upheld to international rights and laws. There should be alliances (international alliances) . IT IS THE ONLY ONE THAT HAS WORKED. It involves a common diplomatic and common ethics. A single evil state will never be stronger than an entire international organization. This is the only way we can ensure the survival of humankind. - Every state fights for its own survival. That is why we have state systems. Whatever state it is, survival is the primary interest. - Ways to ensure its survival: National Security and - National Interest (The long term well being of the state this is what shapes its own foreign policy; thinking about the future). A way of national interest is diplomacy; negotiation there has to be common interest, and there has to be a conflict. Deterrence If the other state goes ahead with a certain action, there will be consequences. For it to work, you must carry out your threat. Furthermore there must be history of you carrying out your threats. You must have a rational opponent. Coercive Diplomacy Limited application of force. It is less expensive and less destructive. Not always works (U.S put sanctions on Japan before Japan joined WW2). Applying Full Military Force Going to War. It means destroying your opponent in the battlefield, and thus compelling him to carry out your own demands, and to ensure the success of your own foreign policy. It is a more expensive, bloody conflict; IT CAN NEVER BE GUARANTEED. - For Canada it is important to have good relations with the U.S because of trade. - Strategy A nation must have a good strategy; otherwise they will never win a war. A good strategy involves long-term planning, using the right resources. You
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must take into consideration political objectives, diplomatic objectives, geography, ideological cultural and religious aspects. (Americans in Iraq were hated). YOU NEED A GOOD STRATEGY TO WIN A WAR. -
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History of International Relations - History of...

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