Political Science Day 1 - Political Science Day 1 Political...

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Political Science – Day 1 “Political Animal” – Aristotle -> We enjoy being involved in collective governance. Human beings cannot avoid politics even if they do not like it; they are always involved. - The point of poli sci is to try to make sense of the world we live in by simplifying. Focus on what matters. - Francis Fukuyama - Looked at Eastern Europe as it was collapsing (summer 1989)- Berlin Wall. - Hegel - 19 th century German philosopher - The history of the world is the history of philosophy- True history. - When you see a war, it is the external manifestation of politics-clash of ideas. - History is the history of Human consciousness- Industry, economy, religious is a manifestation of the ideas that inform those practices. - Big ideas- organize human society . Look at big thinkers! - Battle of Jena: victory of “liberty, equality, and fraternity” – If no idea could surpass this and history is the history of ideas, then he argued this is the “end of history”. - What helps us is theory- “It is theory alone that helps us transcend this poverty of the human condition” You need a theory. - What is essential? The big, really big ideas. - Francis Fukuyama - He believed Hegel was right but he was a bit off – It was 1989 – 20 th century had faced many challenges (Stalin, Hitler Communism, Nazism, The IDEAS they represented). - After 1945 the Nazi idea was discredited-not an option. - Big challengers to liberal democracy had been defeated in realm of ideas (fascism and communism)- THE REAL REALM- Democracy won. - There are still challengers (Cuba, North Korea) but it is a powerless idea now. Nobody is willing to die for this idea or betray their country for it. - Christian, Jewish, Islamic Fundamentalism: They are not universal therefore they are not a real challenge. - Conclusion: The arc of history tends to go towards Liberal Democracy; this leaves us in a world of peace, trade, democracy. - Look for next big ideological challenger-that’s where history will happen. - Samuel Huntington - Fukuyama’s view of the “end of history” is actually just victory. He is very excited, he is writing at a moment of Western triumph. Democracy increased FROM 40 to 114 in the third wave. - Fukuyama- a narrow reading of world history. He is only looking at the West. - What Fukuyama describes as the end of history, is the end of history in the West. - Engagement in global economy lead to prosperity. (China). - “Liberal peace and prosperity ” are illusory; there is inequality. There is contested citizenship; there is exclusion. Countries still go to war. Example; Aboriginals in Canada- great inequality.
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- A universal civilization can only be the power of a universal power. -
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Political Science Day 1 - Political Science Day 1 Political...

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