Key Terms Ch. 1-4 - Brett Fieser CIS-461 Key Terms Ch 1-4 1...

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Brett Fieser CIS-461 Key Terms Ch 1 -4 2/21/2012 1. Business functions tasks performed in a business organization, including manufacturing and production, sales and marketing, finance and accounting, and human resources. 2. Business model — a concept of what an enterprise is and how the enterprise creates a product or service, and how it will profit. 3. Business processes —ways in which organizations organize and arrange work activities, information, and data to produce a product or service. 4. Complementary assets assets required to get value from a key asset. 5. Computer hardware — physical equipment used for input, processing, and output activities in an information system. 6. Computer literacy — knowing about information technology and focusing on how computer-based technologies work. 7. Computer software — detailed instructions that control and organize the work of computer hardware components in an information system. 8. Culture — set of assumptions, values, and ways of doing things that has been established by members of an organization. 9. Data —raw facts of information in organizations or the physical environment before they have been organized and arranged into a form that people can understand and use. 10. Data management technology — the software that helps the organization and consists of data on physical storage media. 11. Data workers — people who process the organization’s paperwork. 12. Digital firm — organization in which nearly all significant business processes are digitally enabled and key corporate assets are managed through digital means. 13. Extranets — private intranet that is accessible to authorized outsiders. 14. Feedback — output that is returned to the original creator to help them evaluate or correct input.
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15. Information — data that has been shaped into a form that is meaningful and useful to human beings. 16. Information system —working together to collect, process, store, and disseminate information to support decision making, coordinate, control, analysis, and visualization in an organization. 17. Information systems literacy — broad understanding of information systems that includes behavioral knowledge about organizations and individuals using information systems as well as technical knowledge about computers. 18. Information technology (IT) — all the hardware and software technologies that a firm needs to use in order to achieve its business objectives. 19. Information technology (IT) infrastructure — computer hardware, software, data, storage technology, and networks providing a portfolio of shared IT resources for the organization. 20. Input — the capture or collection of raw data from within the organization or from its external environment for processing in an information system. 21.
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Key Terms Ch. 1-4 - Brett Fieser CIS-461 Key Terms Ch 1-4 1...

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