Chapter 1 Notes

Chapter 1 Notes - Chapter 1 Introduction The law is a...

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Chapter 1 Introduction The law is a continuously changing process of developing a workable set of rules that balance the individual and group rights of an evolving society. Law is: prohibitory , meaning certain acts must not be committed, and mandatory , meaning certain acts must be done, sometimes in a set way. permissive : certain acts are allowed, but not required by the law. Law concerns the relations between and among individuals as those relations affect social and economic order. It affects the rights and duties of every citizen. DEFINITION OF LAW “predictions of the way that a court will decide specific legal questions” “a rule of civil conduct prescribed by the supreme power in a state, commanding what is right, and prohibiting what is wrong” FUNCTIONS OF LAW to maintain stability in the social, political, and economic system through (1) dispute resolution, (2) protection of property and (3) the preservation of the state while at the same time permitting ordered change. DISPUTE RESOLUTION Disputes are inevitable in a complex society and may involve criminal or non-criminal matters. PROTECTION OF PROPERTY Law protects ownership of property and allows for agreements (contracts) to exchange property. PRESERVATION OF THE STATE It ensures that changes are result of elections, legislation, and referenda rather than revolution, sedition, and rebellion. LEGAL SANCTIONS
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Chapter 1 Notes - Chapter 1 Introduction The law is a...

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