This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.
This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.View Full Document
Unformatted text preview: As Am 119 Finals Notes 20/03/2008 03:58:00 Conceptual foundations of Race and Ethnicity ← Color Line (Du Bois) Double Consciousness • The concept of Du Boisian "double consciousness" has three manifestations. First, the power of white stereotypes on black life and thought (being forced into a context of misrepresentation of one's own people while also having the knowledge of reflexive truth). Second, the racism that excluded black Americans from the mainstream of society, being both American and not American. Finally, and most significantly, the internal conflict between being African and American simultaneously. • A sense of “double-consciousness” in which African-Americans view the world not only through their eyes but through the lens of society that oppresses and victimizes. Double consciousness is an awareness of one's self as well as an awareness of how others perceive that person. The danger of double consciousness resides in conforming and or changing one's identity to that of how others perceive the person. ← The Veil Social construction of Race vs. biological concepts of Race (Lopez) • Social construction of race o A kind of racial etiquette o A set of interpretive codes and racial meanings which operate in the interactions of daily life o Race becomes “common sense” – a way of comprehending, explaining and acting in the world o “social meanings connect our faces to our souls, race is an ongoing, contradictory, self-reinforcing process subject to the macro forces of social and political struggle and daily decisions ideas of races are formed by ideas about gender and class racial categories are fluid and exists only in relationship to other racial categories o Reification – process of taking an idea or concept and treating it as though it were something concrete and real; social contract, government gives it validity, but if society as a whole rejects it, it has no validity i.e. money ex. of a concept with social meaning; race society acknowledging a concept as having power over our lives that we cannot escape from; • Biological concepts of race o There are more variation within a group than between groups o Case of Ozawa vs. United States saw Ozawa petitioning for naturalization due to Japanese being white in color. Ozawa court said no and says “mere color of the skin” does not provide a means to racially divide people Race is socially and relationally constructed through human interactions with each other ← Race formation and impact on racial identity (Omi & Winant) Race formation = the socio-historical process by which racial categories are created, inhabited, transformed, and destroyed....
View Full Document
This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course AS AM 119 taught by Professor Helenelee during the Spring '08 term at UCSB.
- Spring '08