Lecture 8

Lecture 8 - What Goods and Services are Produced? A. What...

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What Goods and Services are Produced? A. What We Consume 1. In the United States, medical care is the single largest consumption category. 2. Over time, incomes in the United States have increased and our expenditure on necessities has fallen as a percentage of income while expenditure on services has risen as a percentage of income. B. What We Produce Most of what we consume is produced in the United States, and most of what we produce is services. 1. As a percent of total production, real estate services represents the largest item produced. C. What We Buy From the Rest of World We sell goods to other countries and also buy goods, such as oil, produced in other countries. How Are Goods and Services Produced? We use productive resources to produce the goods and services we buy. Economists call the productive resources factors of production, and group them into four categories. A. Land Land includes all the “gifts of nature,” or natural resources that we use to produce goods and services. Land includes land (in the everyday sense), minerals, energy, water, air, animals and plants. B. Labor Labor is the work time and work effort people devote to producing goods and services. 1. As the population increases or if a larger percentage of the population works, labor increases. 2.
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Lecture 8 - What Goods and Services are Produced? A. What...

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