EXPERIMENT 2 - EXPERIMENT#2 Q 1 Define orifice and venturi...

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EXPERIMENT # 2 Q 1. Define orifice and venturi meter. ORIFICE METER: “An orifice meter is a plate having a central hole that is placed across the flow of a liquid. The pressure difference generated by the flow velocity through the hole enables the flow quantity to be measured.” An orifice plate is a thin plate with a hole in the middle. It is usually placed in a pipe in which fluid flows. When the fluid reaches the orifice plate, with the hole in the middle, the fluid is forced to converge to go through the small hole; the point of maximum convergence actually occurs shortly downstream of the physical orifice, at the so-called vena contracta point. As it does so, the velocity and the pressure changes. Beyond the vena contracta, the fluid expands and the velocity and pressure change once again. By measuring the difference in fluid pressure between the normal pipe section and at the vena contracta, the volumetric and mass flow rates can be obtained from Bernoulli's equation. VENTURI METER:
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EXPERIMENT 2 - EXPERIMENT#2 Q 1 Define orifice and venturi...

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