{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

EXPERIMENT 8 - or layers In turbulent flow the speed of the...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
EXPERIMENT # 8 Q 1. What is the difference between laminar and turbulent flow? LAMINAR FLOW: Laminar flow or Streamline flow can be defined as: Smooth, orderly movement of a fluid, in which there is no turbulence , and any given subcurrent moves more or less in parallel with any other nearby subcurrent. “ Laminar flow occurs when a fluid flows in parallel layers , with no disruption between the layers. In laminar flow the motion of the particles of fluid is very orderly with all particles moving in straight lines parallel to the pipe walls. Characteristics of laminar flow are: Re < 2000 'low' velocity Dye does not mix with water Fluid particles move in straight lines Simple mathematical analysis possible Rare in practice in water systems. TURBULENT FLOW: “Flow of a fluid in which its velocity at any point varies rapidly in an irregular manne r” Turbulent flow is the flow in which the fluid undergoes irregular fluctuations , or mixing, in contrast to laminar flow, in which the fluid moves in smooth paths
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: or layers. In turbulent flow the speed of the fluid at a point is continuously undergoing changes in both magnitude and direction. Characteristics of turbulent flow are: Re > 4000 'high' velocity Dye mixes rapidly and completely Particle paths completely irregular Average motion is in the direction of the flow Mathematical analysis very difficult - so experimental measures are used Most common type of flow. Q 2 . What is head loss due to friction in the following pipe? The head loss in the given pipe due to friction can be expressed as: h = fLv 2 2gd Or h = h 2 – h 1 According to the experimental data the following values were calculated for head loss: MANOMTER h 1 (m) MANOMTER h 2 (m) HEAD LOSS h (m) FOR HIGH PRESSURE: 0.190 0.175 0.015 0.200 0.165 0.035 0.210 0.155 0.055 0.220 0.145 0.075 FOR LOW PRESSURE: 0.205 0.165 0.040 0.215 0.150 0.065 0.225 0.140 0.085 0.235 0.130 0.105...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern