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Unformatted text preview: CHAPTER 6 ANSWERS 61 Project classification schemes can be used to indicate how much analysis is required to evaluate a given project, the level of the executive who must approve the project, and the required rate of return that should be used to calculate the project’s NPV. Thus, classification schemes can increase the efficiency of the capital budgeting process. 62 The NPV is obtained by discounting future cash flows, and the discounting process actually compounds the interest rate over time. Thus, a change in the discount rate has a much greater impact on a cash flow in Year 5 than on a cash flow in Year 1. 63 This question is related to Question 62 and the same rationale applies. With regard to the second part of the question, the answer is no; the IRR rankings are constant and independent of the firm’s required rate of return. 64 The NPV and IRR methods both involve compound interest, and the mathematics of discounting requires an assumption about reinvestment rates. The NPV method assumes reinvestment at the required rate of return, whereas the IRR method assumes reinvestment at the IRR. 65 The statement is true. The NPV and IRR methods result in conflicts only if mutually exclusive projects are being considered because the NPV is positive if and only if the IRR is greater than the required rate of return. If the assumptions were changed so that the firm had mutually exclusive projects, then the IRR and NPV methods could lead to different conclusions. A change in the required rate of return or in the cash flow streams would not lead to conflicts if the projects were independent. Therefore, the IRR method can be used in lieu of the NPV if the projects being considered are independent. 66 Yes, if the cash position of the firm is poor and if it has limited access to additional outside financing. But even here, the relationship between present value and cost would be a better decision tool. 67 a. In general, the answer is no. The objective of management should be to maximize value, and as we point out in subsequent chapters, stock values are determined by both earnings and growth . The NPV calculation automatically takes this into account, and if the NPV of a longterm project exceeds that of a shortterm project, the higher future growth from the longterm project must be more than enough to compensate for the lower earnings in early years. b. If the same $100 million had been spent on a shortterm project—one with a faster payback—reported profits would have been higher for a period of years. Of course, this is another reason why firms sometimes use the payback method. ____________________________________________________________ 105 SOLUTIONS 61 a. PB = $52,125/$12,000 = 4.34, so the payback is about 4 years....
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 Spring '12
 bens
 Finance, Net Present Value

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