Italian Renaissance Architecture Lecture Notes

Italian Renaissance Architecture Lecture Notes - ITALIAN...

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ITALIAN RENAISSANCE ARCHITECTURE 1) Key concepts a. balance, symmetry, harmony b. Revival of Antiquity c. New Florentine Style d. Ancient vs. Modern ideals e. The public sphere i. Churches, towns f. The private sphere i. Palaces, villas 2) Brunelleschi; Dome of Florence Cathedral; Florence Italy a. Brunelleschi started renaissance architectural “revolution” i. Very important man at the time 1. even had a death mask made/preserved b. Cathedral was almost done, but missing a roof over the apse. c. Nobody knew how to construct a dome for it d. Brunelleschi enters competition to propose idea for building dome i. Empirical approach – experimental process, step by step, deal with problems as they come e. Drum (base of dome with OCULI ) was already completed f. Needing scaffolding/framework for dome i. At the time, domes were made with large tree trunks as the frame/scaffolding ii. The space in the cathedral was too large for any trees to rest across the opening g. Brunelleschi built dome without wood framework
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Italian Renaissance Architecture Lecture Notes - ITALIAN...

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