Community Participation In Solid Waste Management Kathmandu Manira GotameDepartment of GeographyUniversity of Bergen, Norway2012
Community Participation In Solid Waste Management Kathmandu Manira Gotame Thesis submitted in the partial fulfillment of requirements for the Master of Philosophy in Development Geography Department of Geography University of Bergen, Norway 2012
i Acknowledgements My thesis would not have been completed without the help and support of so many people. My foremost gratitude goes to Peter Andersen, Assistant Professor of Geography Department for his unfailing support throughout my study, especially for his supervision for my thesis. My thanks also goes to Lanekassen, the Norwegian Loan Fund for providing me fund that made my abroad education possible and abroad stay easier. I am grateful to Grethe Meeling and all the staff of Department of Geography for their never ending support. Thanks to my friends Andrea Boyco Orams, Austin Ablo and Kavita Thapa for their help in writing my paper. I am thankful to Diana A. Owusuaa, Xuejia Zhuo andMadan Raj Joshi for their support during my entire course and my seniors and friends Keshab Prasad Poudyal and Yograj Gautam for their concern during my study as well as Ankeet Silwal for assisting me in my field work. To Rama Bhattari, Sakhila Ghimire, Neeta Shrestha thanks for the support in the hard times of my stay in Bergen. Nepali community in Bergen for the homely environment they always created. I thank Sunita Lama (Buddhajyoti), Tej Prasad Gaire (Acting Managing Director) and Sumnima from EDEN, Kamala Shrestha and Meena Shrestha from Newa Khala,Baburam Ghimire, Baburam Chaulagain, Rabindra Ji, Sanu Kanchha from NEPCEMAC, Bimala Ranjit (CRC), Rajaram Karmacharya, Sanu Maiya Shrestha from Environment Department, Kathmandu Metropolitan city for their help and support during my filed work. Many thanks go to all the respondents without whom this study would not have been successful. Lastly, and the most important, I thank my family -my sisters Appi, Aliza and Mira, my babies Ankit and Yugeen and my parents for their support, love and encouragement throughout my stay in Norway. Their never ending care and love helped me fight my loneliness and move forward. I also wish to express my gratitude to all those who have directly and indirectly contributed for the accomplishment of this paper and whose names are not mentioned above.
ii AbstractSolid waste management in Nepal has become one of the important and discussed topics. As the municipality is unable to handle the solid waste by itself community participation is being encouraged to manage the waste. Thus, my paper focused on community participation in solid waste management in Kathmandu. There are three study areas for my research, Buddhajyoti settlement, Chamati and Milujuli, Jagriti and Ganesh Basti (Chakrapath area). Waste management in three communities is managed through the projects, EDEN in Buddhajyoti and Chamati and NEPCEMAC in the other settlements.