World Religions - Study Guide Exam 3 (defined)

World Religions - Study Guide Exam 3 (defined) - World...

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World Religions Exam 3 Indigenous Religions 1. Hybridity - “syncretism” co-mingling of ideas of various indigenous and other people. (pre compared to post-colonization) 2. Characteristics of Indigenous Religions – diversity = a lot of differences even in the larger groups; oral = majority of groups were focused in oral transmission of ideas and stories. No written texts (after colonization there might have been texts). Important to pass on the traditions and practices and stories; Spiritual world = universe consists of people with all sorts of supernatural beings that can be invoked in daily lives. Interaction with humans and with spirits. Demonstrates the importance of traditions and passing it on; practical = concerned with practical things (food, land, rain, etc.) 3. Mana - “the attempt to harness spiritual power” a Melanesian term used by anthropologists. 4. Shaman - Shamans have experience in the spiritual word. Believed to have the power to heal (metaphorical and physically) and kill their enemies (personal or tribal) and leave their body and walk around in the spiritual world 5. Odolumare/Olorun - high god 6. Orishas - (spiritual beings) – 401 of them. Like dieties they come in and out of favor. Important ones to know = oshun (goddess of fertility/ love) and eshu (trickster figure). Cults have developed around the orishas. 7. Dream guessing rite – dreams are expressions of desire. Others have to guess your dream. It is an individual thing, but the group also participates for the experince. 8. Myth of the Three Sisters – matrilineal societies = connection between women, food, and soil 9. Characteristics of Lakota Religion – Wakan Tanka = holy power was wakan and personified in supreme god called wakan tanka; lived in Black Hills (sacred place); buffalos important; visions; interrelationship between land and humanity; sweat lodges; 10. Dreamtime - 11. Totemism - 12. Nongqawuse – in Xhosa, Africa; (prophetess) - 1856 she claimed she had a vision where she was told by the gods that the british were so successful because the Xhosa had turned away and turned to witchcraft. the gods had abandoned them. if they returned to traditional ways they would be redeemed. sacrifice the gods demanded was the massive sacrifice of the cattle - called the Cattle Killing Movement. if the people gave their cattle to be sacrificed the sun would turn red and british would leave. this did not happen so they arrested her and at the same time lost their means of survival. made them more dependent on the British -- in response they turn to Christianity as a superior religion 13. The Ghost Dance Movement - 1889 Wovoka was cutting wood when he fell down dead and when he was dead he encountered God and god told him that he was going to the Pres of the US of the Western part of the US and that he has to go back to people and tell them that they have to do a circle dance and have a strict ethical code and should work for the whites and live a peaceful relationship. if these things occur then god would get
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This note was uploaded on 04/01/2012 for the course REL 2300 taught by Professor Kassim during the Fall '08 term at University of Central Florida.

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World Religions - Study Guide Exam 3 (defined) - World...

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