207519739.pdf - Community-Based Cloud for Emergency...

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Community-Based Cloud for Emergency Management Juan Li1, Qingrui Li1, Samee Ullah Khan2, Nasir Ghani3 1Computer Science Department, North Dakota State University 2Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, North Dakota State University 3Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, University of New Mexico [email protected], [email protected], [email protected], [email protected] Abstract-Natural and man-made emergencies pose an ever-present threat to the society. In response to the growing number of recent disasters, such as the Indonesian volcanic eruption, Gulf of Mexico oil spill, Haitian earthquake, Pakistani floods, and in particular, the Red River crest that causes flood almost every year here in Fargo, North Dakota, we propose a community-based scalable cloud computing infrastructure for large-scale emergency management. This infrastructure will coordinate various organizations and integrate massive amounts of heterogeneous data sources to effectively deploy personnel and logistics to aid in search and rescue. The infrastructure also will aid in damage assessment, enumeration, and coordination to support sustainable livelihood by protecting lives, properties and the environment. Keywords:Emergency management, cloud computing, community computing, information integration, social networking. 1Introduction Natural and man-made disasters require an effective and efficient management of massive amounts of data and coordination of wide varieties of people and organizations. The data involved in emergency management includes geographical data about the infected area, data about shelters and available transportation means, data about victims and relief personnel, available rescuing resources, and measurements from the field. The data may belong to multiple autonomous organizations, such as government organizations (GO), non-governmental organizations (NGOs), international non-governmental organizations (INGOs), individuals, communities, and industries. Therefore, besides integrating and manage data from these different organizations, we also need to coordinate these organizations by enabling efficient communication and collaboration. Moreover, with the development of Web 2.0 technologies, such as Social Network Sites (SNS), blogs, wikis, and video-sharing, the general public is able to interact or collaborate with each other in a social media dialogue as creators of user-generated content in a virtual community. For example, there are growing trends of using social media to create entities in popular SNSs, such as Facebook, Twitter, and LinkedIn. At the same time, many emergency/disaster-related organizations, such as Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and Maine Emergency Management Agency (MEMA) have been set up at Facebook. Meanwhile, many hospitals have Twitter accounts for residents to follow their status in case there is an emergency. Expert groups have also been established on LinkedIn to facilitate emergency planning and wellness exercising techniques. Furthermore, the ubiquity of mobile

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