chapter7 - 13:08 Chapter 6 continued What does social...

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13:08 Chapter 6 continued: What does social support when it is work do for you? Make people feel more relaxed Can improve psychological well being Can improve mood Provide you with the necessary perseverance Boost to natural resilience More social support = less symptoms of anxiety less signs of depression less likely to display anxiety less likely to visit the health care center Direct effects on your physical well being Lowering risk for heart disease Lowering risk for prostate cancer Low level of social support is similar to the affects of smoking Smoking the number 1 preventable cause of death Low levels of social support is as if you were smoking= fact Men= most connections/ largest connections vs. small connections
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Likelihood of dying Women= most connections/ vs. least connections Least support is in marital same position death is increased with less amount of social support across life span Why care about social support? Social support is positively associated w. Psychological well -being Physical well- being Get better faster – acute as well as times when in hospital – recovery Rapid But is the effect correlation or causation? correlation b/c we cannot randomly assign one to high/low levels of social support a lot of our studies need to rely on correlation design to assess variables the way that they are virtually all research is correlational possible alternatives? Could illness disruption 3 rd variable causes association gender/ sex/ age/ ethnicity/ race alternative explanation unlikely ( SS still matters!) longitudinal studies prospective longitudinal design – collecting data across time
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when taking other variables into account to eliminate 3 rd variable – measure it at every time point up until the point needed – allowing yourself to control effects of variable measures personality / take into account prior symptoms potential variable ( if one is more likely to get sick than others) When does social support lead to better health? Buffering hypothesis SS helps some, some of the time How can it help Help you think about how you approach the situation Help you to Cope more effectively w. stress Direct Effects Hypothesis social support helps all, all the time it can help anyone not just someone who is vulnerable everyone – if you have high social support you will have Process of support who benefits from what? Controllable events Practical support Uncontrollable event Emotional support
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What’s happening Stress release No matter the form social support allows stress release Writing something down/ interacting with others – possible stress reliever Social comparison – ability to reduce the feeling that your not alone can help you decide on treatments can learn from others experiences you can seek others & look at them as one you want to be like- that’s my goal or you can recognize that you are not in the worst situation – it can be worse vital especially in life threat conditions assistance
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