Topic+10+Reasoning+2011+for+sakai

Topic+10+Reasoning+2011+for+sakai - Honors Research in...

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04/02/12 Topic 10  Reasoning and Decision Making 1 Honors Research in Psychology You may be eligible:  3.4 Psych GPA, 3.0 Overall Build a relationship early (early Junior year) Build useful skill portfolio Library research, Excel, SPSS, Word, PowerPoint, HTML,  Java programming Conscientiousness Summer between Junior, Senior year, develop honors  research proposal with supervising faculty member
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04/02/12 Topic 10  Reasoning and Decision Making 2 Reasoning and decision making rely on memory… and … emotion Perceived similarity between current experience and  previous experience is the basis of inductive  reasoning We are not very good at deductive reasoning, except  under certain circumstances win Nobel Prizes (in Economics)
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04/02/12 Topic 10  Reasoning and Decision Making 3 decision making? Explaining discrepancy between logic and human  performance Cognitive economy Memory determines availability Two systems Framing invokes processes used
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04/02/12 Topic 10  Reasoning and Decision Making 4 Reasoning Deductive reasoning: derive logically the  consequences that must be true if specific premises are  accepted as true If your jeans fit, then your suit pants fit.  If your suit  pants don’t fit, then your jeans don’t fit. Inductive reasoning:  infer a new principle or  proposition from observations or facts that serve as  clues…based on probability The sky is grey, it is likely to rain.  My friend does not smile or greet me, he is in a bad mood.  
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04/02/12 Topic 10  Reasoning and Decision Making 5 Deductive reasoning is the application of formal logic Conditional statements connect  antecedents  and  consequents If you study psychology you will be wiser . Rules of inference for conditionals include  modus ponens : if given both the proposition, “If A, then  B” AND the proposition “A”, we infer “B”
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04/02/12 Topic 10  Reasoning and Decision Making 6 Modus ponens is relatively easy (sometimes) If you study psychology, you will be wiser. You study psychology You will be wiser If you study psychology, you will grow scales You study psychology You will grow scales But BOTH are instances of valid deduction Logical structure and truth of conditionals are different
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04/02/12 Topic 10  Reasoning and Decision Making 7 Modus tolens  is a more difficult rule of inference  from conditionals Modus tolens: if given “If A, then B” AND given “Not B” or  “B is false” then we infer “A is false” If you eat carrots, you will have X-ray vision.
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This note was uploaded on 04/01/2012 for the course PSYCHOLOGY Cognition taught by Professor Ingate during the Spring '10 term at Rutgers.

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Topic+10+Reasoning+2011+for+sakai - Honors Research in...

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