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1Because of the economic downturn in the 1890s, many Americans organized in order toseek relief from corporations and elected officials.Choose the statement that reflects an action undertaken in the 1890s to improve conditions for workers."We hired Pinkerton private security officers to protect laborers at our company."“We marched on Washington, D.C. to advocate for public works jobs for the unemployed.”"We joined with farmers in a national political coalition to gain a more powerful voice in the federal government.”"American farmers and urban workers united in powerful unions to sway national policy."CONCEPTEconomic Depression and Labor Unrest in the 1890s2Choose the most accurate statement about the nature of politics in the Gilded Age.Candidates for local office promised reform and an end to corruption.The Republican Party began to dominate national politics.Politics at the national level was polarized over issues primarily related to race and income inequality.Corruption and inefficiency were hallmarks of politics in this time period.CONCEPTGilded Age Politics3
Consider this political cartoon from 1891 that depicts Uncle Sam in front of a crowd of immigrants.A judge tells Uncle Sam, "If Immigration was properly Restricted you would no longer be troubled with Anarchy, Socialism, the Mafia and such kindred evils!" Some of the labels on the immigrants include: “German socialist,” “Polish vagabond,” and “English convict.”Choose the statement that best reflects how new immigrants to America were viewed by citizens as illustrated in the cartoon."All these new immigrants are troublemakers that will harm our country.""These new immigrants bring fresh ideas that will reinvigorate our ailing democracy.""So many immigrants will strain the available land resources in America.""Lots of immigrants arriving so quickly encourages current citizens to turn to crime rather than compete for jobs."CONCEPTLate 19th Century Immigrant Experience4Choose the true statement about the Knights of Labor.It rejected women and minorities from its union.It was a combination of about 20 different craft unions.It was led by Samuel Gompers.At its height, its membership was more than 700,000 workers.CONCEPTWorking Class Life and Labor Unions in the Gilded Age
5Which statement about populism most closely aligns with historian Michael Kazin’s interpretation of the term?It is a political style that uses a certain type of language and rhetoric to advance the agenda of a political coalition. It represents a distinct political movement that offers a democratic alternative to the corporate state.It is a political stance that supports every individual’s right to maximum liberty and freedom.