ETFE Technology and Design.pdf - \/= Technologyand Design ~ ETFE Technology and Design Annette LeCuyer VVlth contnbut Ions y Ian Liddell Stefan Lehner

ETFE Technology and Design.pdf - /= Technologyand Design ~...

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"/'/= Technology and Design - :: : :. :: :::: - _ :: - :: :: : :: - _: - ~:: : _ :: :: : :- ___ ::- :-:- -: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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ETFE Technology and Design - - _... . . . -_.. _. - - Annette LeCuyer -- ------ ------ VVlth contnbut Ions y Ian Liddell, Stefan Lehner a id Ben Mor ris - --- -----
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4 The enclosed sample is Fluon ETFE film of 250 microns thickness which was used on the National Aquatics Center in Beijing. Wewould like to thank AGC Chemicals for their kind donation of these samples. Graphic design: Esther Mildenberger, envision+ Cover photograph: Ben McMillan This book is also available in a German edition: ISBN 978-3-7643-8562-0 Library of Congress Control Number: 2008920812 Bibliographic information published by Die Deutsche Bibliothek Die Deutsche Bibliothek lists this publication in the Deutsche Nationalbibliografie; detailed bibliographic data is available in the Internet at . This work is subject to copyright. All rights are reserved, whether the whole or part of the material is concerned, specifically the rights of translation, reprinting, re-use of illustrations, recitation, broadcasting, reproduction on microfilms or in other ways, and storage in data banks. For any kind of use, permission of the copyright owner must be obtained. 2008 Birkhauser Verlag AG Basel· Boston· Berlin P.O. Box 133, CH-4010 Basel, Switzerland Part of Springer Science+Business Media Printed on acid-free paper produced from chlorine-free pulp. TCF 00 Printed in Germany ISBN 978-3-7643-8563-7 987654321
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Contents 10 Introduction: Pleasure. Powerand f-'a\/lOCid 32 Material Matters: ETFE 42 Stefan Lehnert II Risk and RAliilhilitv 46 Soft Structure 70 The Performative Skin 94 Variable Skin """""--""-""""-"-"-"" """"---""----"-"-""""" 114 Life 126 The Communicative Skin 136 The Climatic I-mtolr"'o 146 Ben Morris II ETFE Futures 150 Credits 155 TheAuthors 156 157 Index ""---------------"------"----"-----"-"""-"--""""""-""-"-""---"-"""""-" -"""----"-"" 159 Illustration Credits 160 /i,~~n()\'Jle~~~rn~n~s _
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Ian Liddell Sustaining New Technologies -- ------- It is rare to have a new material introduced into the building construction industry that has had such an impact on the design and performance of buildings as ETFE foil. Over the past century there have been numerous examples of new materials and technologies that have been advanced by inventive engineers. In many cases, these materials have been popular for a brief period and then have died away to a lower level of use. Concrete shells were developed in the 1950s and flowered in the 1960s, but the change in building economics and design fashion and the exacting requirements of concrete technology finished them off. Fabric architecture blossomed in the 1980s and 1990s but since then has been in decline. Likewise, there was a marked change in the use of glass when float glass was introduced around 1955. With toughening and laminating techniques, larger panels were possible. However,the weight of glass and problems with fracture and seals have meant that multi layer construction on roofs is still risky and expensive. Now, ETFEfoil cushions are providing new opportunities for lightweight, tough and durable en- closures, and there seems to be every reason for building applications of ETFE to continue to grow and diversify.
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