Study Guide for 1200 (Self Made)

Study Guide for 1200 (Self Made) - Study Guide for...

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Study Guide for 1200—Second Test POLITICAL FRAME: Chapter Nine—Power, Conflict, and Coalitions o Assumptions of the Political Frame Organizations are coalitions There are enduring differences among coalition members Important decisions involve allocating scarce resources Scarce resources and enduring differences make conflict central and power the most important asset Goals and decisions emerge from bargaining, negotiation, and jockeying for position among competing stakeholders. o Organizations as Coalitions Coalitions rather than pyramids Organizational goals are multiple and sometimes conflicting because they reflect bargaining involving multiple players with divergent interests o Power and Decision-Making Gamson: Authorities and Partisans Authorities make binding decisions o The recipients or targets of influence, and the agents or initiators of social control. Partisans are subject to authorities decisions; they will support or question authority depending on how the decision’s affect their interests o Agents or initiators of influence, and targets or recipients of social control. o Sources of Power Position power (Authority) Judges (decisions), Professors (Grades), etc. Information and Expertise
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Faculty in elite universities, marketing experts in consumer product industries Control of Rewards Ability to deliver jobs, money, political support, or other rewards beings power. Coercive Power The ability to constrain, block, interfere, or punish. Alliances and Networks Friends and allies Access and Control of Agendas A by-product of networks and alliances is access to decision arenas. Framing control of meaning and symbols Establishing the framework within which issues will be viewed and decided is often tantamount to determining the result Personal Power Individuals with charisma, energy, stamina, political skills, etc. o Distribution of Power: Overbounded and Underbounded Systems Overbounded: Strong, top-down, control, conflict is tightly-regulated (e.g., Iraq under Saddam Hussein) Underbounded: Weak authority, chaotic decision-making, open conflict and power struggles (Iraq after collapse of old regime) o Conflict in Organizations Conflict is natural and inevitable Organizations can have too much or too little Political frame focuses on strategy and tactics for dealing with conflict o Form of organizational conflict
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Hierarchical conflict Horizontal Cultural o Moral Mazes: The Politics of Getting Ahead Getting ahead is a political process involving conflict for scarce resources Assessment of individual performance often depends on subjective judgments Does advancement depend on doing good work or doing what is politically correct? Organizations can’t eliminate politics, but they can influence the kind of
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HOD 1200 taught by Professor Mukolo during the Spring '08 term at Vanderbilt.

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Study Guide for 1200 (Self Made) - Study Guide for...

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