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CH3-4SG - Chapter 3&4 Study Guide CHART ON 66 STRUCTURE OF...

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Chapter 3&4 Study Guide CHART ON 66 STRUCTURE OF CONSTITUTION: Preamble, 7 Articles, Amendments (1 st 10 are Bill of Rights) Questions #1-4 on p. 67 1. Article – one of the seven divisions in the constitution. Articles I, II, II create legislative, executive, judicial Jurisdiction – authority (Section 2 outlines jurisdiction of Supreme Court and federal courts to rule on court cases) Supremacy Clause – contained in Article IV, establishes that the Constitution, laws passed by Congress, and treaties of the U.S. “shall be the supreme Law of the Land” Amendment – Changes (To the Constitution!) Popular Sovereignty – Rule by the people Federalism – power is divided between national and state governments Separation of Powers – Each branch has duties Checks and Balances –Each branch of government excersizes some control over the others Veto – Reject Judicial Review – The power of the courts to say that laws and actions of governments are invalid because they conflict with the principles of the Constitution 2. Importance of Marbury vs. Madison: 3. Underlying Principles of the Constitution: 1.Popular Sovereignty 2.Federalism 3. Separation of Powers 4.Checks and Balances 5. Judicial Review 6. Limited Government 4. Relationship between the principles of federalism and the separation of powers detailed in the Constitution: Federalism separates state and national government, and Separation of Powers separates branches in the national government. Both make sure that no one gets too much power Questions #1-4, p. 75 1. Expressed Powers – Powers directly stated by the Constitution Enumerated Powers – Same as Expressed (Because the powered are numbered) Elastic Clause – says that Congress can make all laws “necessary and proper” to carrying out the powers expressed by Article I Federal Bureaucracy – Made up of all executive branch employees 2. Five Powers of the President: 1. Commander in Chief 2. Appoints Cabinet Members 3. Pardon People Convicted Convicted of Federal Crimes 4. Make Treaties with Foreign Nations 5.
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