30 problems with semanc denions problem 2 many

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Unformatted text preview: is not only words that are assigned lexical categories. We will see that the atoms with which words are built – i.e. MORPHEMES (see last week’s notes) – also fall into lexical categories, as do phrases (an example of this will follow shortly; chapter 7 discusses this at length). 26 •  E.g. of a morpheme: the –ed ending on verbs is not a word, but it has a category (Tense – this is not one of the major categories that most people are familiar with. It is a FUNCTIONAL CATEGORY, which is something we’ll discuss towards the end of the lecture). 27 Parts of Speech: Classic definitions – Noun: Person, place, or thing –  Verb: Ac/on, occurrence or state of being –  Adjec4ve: Modifier that expresses quality, quan/ty or extent –  Adverb: Modifier that expresses manner, quality, place, /me, degree, –  number, cause, opposi/on, affirma/on or denial –  Preposi4on: Modifier that indicates loca/on or origin. 28 Problems with seman/c defini/ons 29 Problems with seman/c defini/ons •  Problem 1: Scope of the defini4ons can be unclear a. The assassina/on of the president... (Occurrence> Verb?) b. Sincerity is an important quality (Quality> Adj?) c. Tucson is where northerners flee for the winter (Loca/on> P?) 30 Problems with seman/c defini/ons –  Problem 2: Many lexical items have mul4ple syntac4c categories a.  Gabrielle’s mother is a...
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2012 for the course LINGUISTIC LIN200 taught by Professor Naominagy during the Spring '10 term at University of Toronto.

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