{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

21 22 23 24 in grammar a lexical category also

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: st of Scarborough’ is an absolute descrip/on. It is true no maOer where the speaker and hearer are standing. 19 Spa/al Terms •  A rela7ve frame of reference describes an object’s posi/on rela/ve to the posi/on of the speaker (or hearer). –  E.g. Mississauga is to the right of Scarborough’. True if you are standing downtown, facing Lake Ontario. False if you are facing away from the lake. 20 Brown and Levinson (1992) •  report the results of an experiment with speakers of Tzeltzal, a Mayan language of about 15,000 speakers in Tenejapa, Chiapas, Mexico. –  In this language, space is reckoned absolutely. –  “…there is a system of ‘uphill/downhill’ orienta/on that is fundamental to the spa/al system [….] This system then replaces our use of lev/right in many contexts: when there are two objects oriented such that one is to the South of the other, it can be referred to as the ‘uphill’ object (1992:596, cited in Li and Gleitman 2002). 21 22 23 24 •  In grammar, a lexical category (also known as a ‘syntac4c category’, ‘lexical class’ or ‘part of speech’) is the linguis/c category of a LEXICAL ITEM (i.e. of an entry in our mental dic/onary) – Warning: I may use the underlined terms interchangeably! 25 •  NB: note that I have said ‘lexical item’ and not ‘word’. This dis/nc/on is important. It...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Ask a homework question - tutors are online