21 22 23 24 in grammar a lexical category also

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Unformatted text preview: st of Scarborough’ is an absolute descrip/on. It is true no maOer where the speaker and hearer are standing. 19 Spa/al Terms •  A rela7ve frame of reference describes an object’s posi/on rela/ve to the posi/on of the speaker (or hearer). –  E.g. Mississauga is to the right of Scarborough’. True if you are standing downtown, facing Lake Ontario. False if you are facing away from the lake. 20 Brown and Levinson (1992) •  report the results of an experiment with speakers of Tzeltzal, a Mayan language of about 15,000 speakers in Tenejapa, Chiapas, Mexico. –  In this language, space is reckoned absolutely. –  “…there is a system of ‘uphill/downhill’ orienta/on that is fundamental to the spa/al system [….] This system then replaces our use of lev/right in many contexts: when there are two objects oriented such that one is to the South of the other, it can be referred to as the ‘uphill’ object (1992:596, cited in Li and Gleitman 2002). 21 22 23 24 •  In grammar, a lexical category (also known as a ‘syntac4c category’, ‘lexical class’ or ‘part of speech’) is the linguis/c category of a LEXICAL ITEM (i.e. of an entry in our mental dic/onary) – Warning: I may use the underlined terms interchangeably! 25 •  NB: note that I have said ‘lexical item’ and not ‘word’. This dis/nc/on is important. It...
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2012 for the course LINGUISTIC LIN200 taught by Professor Naominagy during the Spring '10 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.

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