John walks to the store every day b john walked to

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Unformatted text preview: s of dura/on, intensity and tendency 8 •  Whorf observed linguis/c differences between Hopi and ‘Standard Average European’ (SAE), e.g. •  Use of cardinal numbers with /me (e.g. ten days) •  Expression of ‘phases’ (e.g. ‘tomorrow’) • The tense system •  Expressions of dura/on, intensity and tendency 9 Tense a. John walks to the store (every day) b. John walked to the store (yesterday) 10 •  Whorf: ‘Hopi may be called a /meless language [….] is does not dis/nguish between present, past and future of the event itself [….]’ 11 •  Pinker’s (1994:53) reply: ‘What then are we to make of the following sentence translated from Hopi? (from the work of anthropologist Ekkehart Malkt) – Then indeed, the following day, quite early in the morning at the hour when people pray to the sun, around that 7me then he woke up the girl again . 12 •  The fallacy in Whorf’s reasoning stems from the following two assump/ons: – A) the language does not provide other means to make the dis/nc/on – B) that the speaker of the language treat the exis/ng categories as the basis for non ­linguis/c thought 13 •  Compare: –  A) English: ‘it’ for babies –  B) English: ‘she’ for ships –  C) German: Mädchen (Neut.) –  D) Mandarin Chinese: ‘ta’ –  E) Chinese: tenselessness –  F) English: past/non ­past vs. future 14 Eskimo words for snow •  Whorf on eskimo words for snow: –  ...
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