Week 2 slides lin200 2012

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Unformatted text preview: LIN200 S Introduc/on to Language Winter 2012 1 Today –  In today’s lecture I will introduce the no/on of LEXICAL CATEGORIES. We will discuss these from two points of view: •  Sapir ­Whorf hypothesis •  Syntac/c (distribu/onal) proper/es 2 Bambi learning words hOp://www.youtube.com/watch? v=F7KiyBkNaFQ (start from 21sec) 3 W.V. Quine: ‘Gavagai’ problem 4 Sapir ­Whorf Hypothesis Speakers of different languages ‘see’ the world in significantly different ways due to differences in the inventories of lexical categories in their respec/ve languages. 5 Sapir ­Whorf Hypothesis Speakers of different languages ‘see’ the world in significantly different ways due to differences in the inventories of lexical categories in their respec/ve languages. Grows out of the work of early american linguists Edward Sapir and Benjamin Lee Whorf (building on work by Franz Boas) 6 •  Whorf observed linguis/c differences between Hopi and ‘Standard Average European’ (SAE), e.g. •  Use of cardinal numbers with /me (e.g. ten days) •  Expression of ‘phases’ (e.g. ‘tomorrow’) •  The tense system •  Expressions of dura/on, intensity and tendency 7 •  Whorf observed linguis/c differences between Hopi and ‘Standard Average European’ (SAE), e.g. • Use of cardinal numbers with 4me (e.g. ten days) •  Expression of ‘phases’ (e.g. ‘tomorrow’) •  The tense system •  Expression...
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2012 for the course LINGUISTIC LIN200 taught by Professor Naominagy during the Spring '10 term at University of Toronto.

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